What Is Idghaam With Ghunnah And Idghaam Without Ghunnah?


One of the most essential elements of studying all Quran al Kareem is knowing how to pronounce it correctly. However, certain non-Arabic speakers and children may suffer at first with acquiring the proper pronunciation of the Quran utilizing Tajweed principles. One of these rules is ‘Idghaam’.

Noor Academy offers a straightforward approach to studying Idghaam rules with both its types that even your children can understand and practice.

What Do We Mean By Tajweed Rules?

Tajweed means “to improve and make better,” and it is the proper pronunciation of Arabic words.

People who learn Tajweed aim at learning how to read and recite Tajweed Quran pronunciation correctly.

The purpose of Tajweed Rules is to teach the Quran correctly while adhering to Arabic language rules.

When every letter of the Quran is spoken correctly, with neither excess nor deficiency,

we can say that the Quran is read with Tajweed.

Allah ordered us to read Quran with proficiency and understand the proper way to recite it. 

“and recite the Quran properly in a measured way.”

(Surah Al-Muzzammil)

Idghaam, which is described more below, is a prominent Tajweed guideline that improves the accuracy of your Quran pronunciation.

Check out Noor Academy’s basic lesson on Ikhfa in the Quran if you want to understand more about Tajweed rules.

History of Tajweed

Imam Abu Ubaid al-Qasim bin Salam was the first to establish Tajweed philosophy (774 – 838 CE).

He developed a documented science for tajweed in the third century of Hijrah, building the tajweed foundation and identifying its regulations,

and he collated all of this in his book titled ‘al-Qiraat.’

As the Islamic State increased in popularity during the third century of Hijrah, a considerable number of non-Arabs converted to Islam.

Tajweed was developed to educate people on how to recite the Quran in the manner of Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him).

What is Idghaam?

Idghaam is one of the most important Tajweed rules that even kids should learn while reciting the Quran. Idghaam means to merge. In the Tajweed Quran,

Idghaam is when you merge the last letter in a word with the first one in the next word. 

The letters causing idghaam of noon saakinah and tanween are those: َ ٌَرَ مَ لَُ و ن ي This implies that if one of these six letters appears at the start of a word that immediately follows one that ends in noon saakinah or tanween, the noon merges into the following letter.

Idghaam has two types: 

  1. Idghaam without Ghunnah
  2. idghaam of noon saakinah with Ghunnah

But before we get into that, what do we mean by ghunna? A ghunnah is a sound produced solely by the nose, as opposed to noises produced by the mouth.

Idghaam with Ghunnah

Idghaam with ghunnah, or Idghaam bi ghunna in Arabic, happens when any Tanween or Noon Saakinah is followed by any of these letters waaw, meem, noon, yaa (ي، ن، م، و).

Remember that a ghunnah is a nasalized sound that falls between a hum and a moan. Probably like an engine sound.

The above-mentioned merging with ghunnah letters falls into two groups. The terms “full” and “lesser” are used interchangeably.

Full idghaam indicates that the humming is much louder than it would be if the lesser one was produced.

It’s mostly used with letters (ن، م) while letters (ي، و) are to be said with a “lesser idgham bi ghunnah.”

Idgham bi ghunnah, whether fuller or lesser is sounded for two counts, similar to the time it takes to say the words, “one-two”.

Observe the examples and try to figure out which one is “full” and which is “lesser”. Note that I helped you with some of them to make it easier to detect the rest.


  • شيء وكيل
  • فمن يعمل مثقال خير يره
  • رسول من (full)
  • من ولى
  • من مارج من نار (full)
  • خير من
  • من يومهم (lesser)
  • ولن نشرك
  • شيئ نكر

Idghaam without Ghunnah

Merging without ghunnah, or Idghaam bila ghunnah occurs when the letters laam and raa (ل، ر) follow a Noon Saakinah or Tanween.

Their idghaam with these two letters; raa and laam, is termed idghaam bila ghunnah kamel, or in English, merging without ghunnah completely.

The “n” sound from Tanween or Noon Saakinah is totally gone here, and the laam or raa are spoken directly without any emphasis on their sounds.

As a result, the word “completely” is added at the end to emphasize that the “n” sound is “totally” wiped out.

Now, observe the examples carefully and try to practice them:


  1. من رب min rabbi (wrong) mir-rabbi (right)
  2. غفور رحيم Ghafurun Rahim (wrong) ghafurrahim (right)
  3. من لبن Min labanen (wrong) millabnen (right)

It is important to note that the Noon Saakinah or Tanween and the Idgham letter must be expressed in two separate words,

or else the reader will not be able to perform Idghaam. It will be Izhaar Motlaq in this situation, and this case can only be found in four words in the Quran.

  1. صنوانَ 
  2. قنوانَ 
  3. بنٌيانَ
  4. الدنٌيا

What Are The Benefits Of Learning Tajweed For Kids?

Tajweed is demanded of us as soon as we are able to read Quran Kareem since it is our way to flawless recitation. Similarly,

it is our obligation to teach children to Tajweed Quran as soon as they are able to recite the Quran.

 As a result, when your child has completed a ‘Quran learning for kids’ course, it is time to enroll them in a Quran Tajweed course.

The younger they are, the more quickly they will understand and apply Tajweed guidelines in their recitation.

Children learn more quickly than adults. This is something to consider while considering whether or not to teach Tajweed to our children.

Do you want your kids to learn Tajweed in the most convenient way possible? Online Tajweed courses for kids. They’re a great option for kids of all ages.

They can learn from professional Quran instructors who are Tajweed specialists without committing to a schedule or leave the house to be physically present with the instructors.

When you encourage your children to study Tajweed and use it in their recitation, you get a lot of good deeds (hasanah).

Once at a time, our glorious Prophet, Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him), said:

 “Whoever guides to something good is like the one who does it.”

(Sahih Muslim)

Tajweed Quran learning for children has never been easier since you can enroll them in a Tajweed course online.

at Noor kids and watch them learn at the hands of a professional kids Quran instructor.

Noor Academy offers premium quality learning that makes your children learn and enjoy their time at the same time.

There’s a special section for online classes for kids that you can choose a topic from. 

With kids beginners’ classes, your children get to learn how to memorize Quran online,

how to learn Quran with Tajweed, and how to improve their Quran recitation online.

Noor and Nora ( House of Quran ) will be their friends during this amazing journey.

What Is the Tajweed Kids Program Like at Noor Academy?

Noor Academy only employs experienced instructors who are very well-trained to deal with children of all ages and are familiar with the right style of teaching them the different levels of Tajweed.

The schedules and courses are adaptable, and the pricing is good value for money.

Is It Permissible For Me To Read The Quran Without The Use Of Tajweed?

Muslims are not obligated to follow all Tajweed rules when reading the Quran. Nonetheless,

it is important to read the online Quran with basic Tajweed in order to recite it precisely as Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) did.

So, as long as you read and pronounce words and letters correctly, you’re not a sinner.