Introduction to Islam: A Comprehensive Course.

Introduction to Islam

It is important to learn about Islam from a reliable source, as much of the information found online or on social media is not real.

In this article, we will understand what is Islam, how it started, the Muslims’ beliefs, and more, let’s get started.


What is Islam and Muslims?

The introduction of Islam is not complete without understanding the meaning of the word Islam. The word Islam means free submission to Allah, the one and only God, the submission comes from the heart. Islam was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him), and the holy Quran is the word of Allah that was given to us to guide us in life.

Islam calls for peace, mercy, justice, tolerance, equality, love, truth, forgiveness, patience, morality, sincerity, and righteousness.

The word Muslims refers to a follower of Islam, who believes in Allah and the prophets, believing that there is only one God, Allah. Muslims follow the teachings of the Quran and the prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him).

What are Islam’s beliefs?

As an Introduction to Islam, it is essential to learn about Islamic beliefs. Among the Islamic beliefs that you should know is that there is only one God, and he is Allah. Allah has 99 names and some of them are mentioned in the following verses:

لَوْ أَنزَلْنَا هَـٰذَا ٱلْقُرْءَانَ عَلَىٰ جَبَلٍۢ لَّرَأَيْتَهُۥ خَـٰشِعًۭا مُّتَصَدِّعًۭا مِّنْ خَشْيَةِ ٱللَّهِ ۚ وَتِلْكَ ٱلْأَمْثَـٰلُ نَضْرِبُهَا لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ ٢١

Had We sent down this Quran upon a mountain, you would have certainly seen it humbled and torn apart in awe of Allah. We set forth such comparisons for people, ˹so˺ perhaps they may reflect.

هُوَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِى لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ۖ عَـٰلِمُ ٱلْغَيْبِ وَٱلشَّهَـٰدَةِ ۖ هُوَ ٱلرَّحْمَـٰنُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ ٢٢

He is Allah—there is no god ˹worthy of worship˺ except Him: Knower of the seen and unseen. He is the Most Compassionate, Most Merciful.

هُوَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِى لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ٱلْمَلِكُ ٱلْقُدُّوسُ ٱلسَّلَـٰمُ ٱلْمُؤْمِنُ ٱلْمُهَيْمِنُ ٱلْعَزِيزُ ٱلْجَبَّارُ ٱلْمُتَكَبِّرُ ۚ سُبْحَـٰنَ ٱللَّهِ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ ٢٣

He is Allah—there is no god except Him: the King, the Most Holy, the All-Perfect, the Source of Serenity, the Watcher of all, the Almighty, the Supreme in Might,1 the Majestic. Glorified is Allah far above what they associate with Him ˹in worship˺!

هُوَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلْخَـٰلِقُ ٱلْبَارِئُ ٱلْمُصَوِّرُ ۖ لَهُ ٱلْأَسْمَآءُ ٱلْحُسْنَىٰ ۚ يُسَبِّحُ لَهُۥ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضِ ۖ وَهُوَ ٱلْعَزِيزُ ٱلْحَكِيمُ ٢٤

He is Allah: the Creator, the Inventor, the Shaper. He ˹alone˺ has the Most Beautiful Names. Whatever is in the heavens and the earth ˹constantly˺ glorifies Him. And He is the Almighty, All-Wise.” [surah al-hashr]


The main belief of the Islamic faith is that there is only one God and he is Allah. He is the one who created everything, he has no children, wife, or parents. You should know that Allah doesn’t have a gender because gender is an attribute of Allah’s creation.

All prophets called people to Islam starting from the prophet Adam (peace be upon him). But later with time, it was all forgotten and people only think that Islam is related to the religion of the prophet Muhammed (peace and blessing be upon him).

All prophets called to worship only one God, Allah. The prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) called to monotheism and so did the prophets before and after him.

In Islam, Muslims believe in all prophets, starting from the prophet Adam all the way to the last prophet Muhammed. All prophets were sent to guide humans to the right path.

Allah said in the holy Quran:

قُلْ ءَامَنَّا بِٱللَّهِ وَمَآ أُنزِلَ عَلَيْنَا وَمَآ أُنزِلَ عَلَىٰٓ إِبْرَٰهِيمَ وَإِسْمَـٰعِيلَ وَإِسْحَـٰقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ وَٱلْأَسْبَاطِ وَمَآ أُوتِىَ مُوسَىٰ وَعِيسَىٰ وَٱلنَّبِيُّونَ مِن رَّبِّهِمْ لَا نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍۢ مِّنْهُمْ وَنَحْنُ لَهُۥ مُسْلِمُونَ ٨٤

Say, ˹O Prophet,˺ “We believe in Allah and what has been revealed to us and what was revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and his descendants; and what was given to Moses, Jesus, and other prophets from their Lord—we make no distinction between any of them, and to Him, we ˹fully˺ submit.” [3:84]


Muslims respect the prophet Muhammed (peace and blessing be upon him) and send peace and blessings upon him whenever his name is mentioned. as a way of respect. And whenever a prophet’s name is mentioned they send peace upon them.

Islam instructs Muslims to follow the teaching of the prophet Muhamed (peace be upon him). Which is referred to as Sunnah.

The Islamic law was first applied by the prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) to build an Islamic society that is safe and secure.

Additionally, Muslims believe in all the scriptures revealed to the prophets. However, the original forms no longer exist as they were altered and changed with time.

The previous scriptures are:

  • Torah (Tawrat) revealed to Moses (Musa).
  • Psalms (Zabur) revealed to David (Dawud).
  • Injil (Gospel of Jesus) revealed to Jesus (Isa).
  • Other scriptures include the Scrolls of Abraham (Ṣuḥuf Ibrāhīm), the Book of John the Baptist (Kitāb Yaḥyā), and the Scrolls of Moses (Ṣuḥuf Mūsā).

Islamic facts.

In the introduction to Islam for beginners it is essential to learn about the main believes of a Muslim.  Here are some of the Islam beliefs:

1- Muslims believe that there is no God but Allah, he is the only one to be worshipped and obeyed, and no one shares Allah’s divinity.

“And Allah makes none to share in His decision and His rule.” (Holy Quran 18:26)

2- Allah created all the creatures even humans.

3- Muslims believe that everything happens for a reason and that life is nothing but a test they should pass to be rewarded in the afterlife.

4- They believe in the day of judgment.

5- Allah created us equal, no one is superior to another, and we are instructed to respect one another regardless of religion, race, nationality, or anything else.

6- human diversity is something to be loved and respected. Allah said in the holy Quran:

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلنَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَـٰكُم مِّن ذَكَرٍۢ وَأُنثَىٰ وَجَعَلْنَـٰكُمْ شُعُوبًۭا وَقَبَآئِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوٓا۟ ۚ إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ أَتْقَىٰكُمْ ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌۭ ١٣

“O humanity! Indeed, we created you from a male and a female and made you into peoples and tribes so that you may get to know one another. Surely the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous among you. Allah is truly All-Knowing, All-Aware.” [49:13]


7- Muslims believe in the five pillars of Islam, which are: Shahada (Testify), Salah (Prayer), Seyam (Fasting), Zakat (Charity), and Hajj (Pilgrimage).


8- The 6 Pillars of Faith are Belief in God (Allah), Belief in Mala-eka (Angels), Belief in the Books of Allah, Belief in the Prophets of Allah, Belief in Yawm al-Qiyama (Day of Judgement), Qada wal-Qada (Destiny, Divine Decree).


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