How many pronouns in Arabic language? | Noor Academy

pronouns in Arabic language
Learning the pronouns in the Arabic language is very important and really easy, and that’s what you will see shortly.

How many pronouns are in the Arabic language?

There are 12 Arabic pronouns that are different from the English pronouns, for example in English we have “I”, “you”, “he”, “she”, and “it” is singular, and “we”, “you”, “they” in the plural.

While Arabic pronouns are divided into singular, dual, and plural pronouns. When do we use the Dual pronouns? When talking about two people. If there are more than two then you will use the plural Arabic pronouns.

 What is pronoun in Arabic?

Just like in the English language, pronouns in the Arabic language are used to replace the name of an object or person. In English, we use “I”, “you”, “he”, “she”, “it”, “we”, “you”, and “they” while in Arabic “ana”, “anti”, “antum”, etc.

Are there pronouns in Arabic?

Yes, like any other language there are pronouns in Arabic.  However, the use of pronouns is different based on multiple things like gender, singular, dual, and plural.

What are the main types of pronouns in Arabic?

There are mainly two types of pronouns in Arabic, and they are:

  •       Attached pronouns: this type of pronoun is attached to the word whether it is a verb, noun, or particle.
  •       Detached pronouns: this one comes separated from the word.

Attached pronouns.

As we said above the Attached pronouns in Arabic come attached to the word whether it is a verb, noun, or particle, and it’s attached to the end of the word. When the attached pronoun is added to a verb it represents the subject or object. When added to a noun it comes as a possessive pronoun. When added to the end of a particle the pronoun works as an object of a preposition.

Here are all Arabic pronouns (third person):

  English Arabic
singular His هُ
  For him لَهُ
  Her هَا
  For her لَها
  Only her إِيَّاهَا
Dual Theirs (two) هُمَا
  For them (two) لَهُمَا
  Only them (two) إِيَّاهُما
  Their (two) (fem.) هُمَا
  For them  (two) (fem) لَهُمَا
  Only them  (two) (fem) إَيَّاهُمَا
Plural their (all) هُمْ
  For them (all) لَهُمْ
  Only him إِيَّاهُ
  Only them (all) إِيَّاهُمَا
  Their (all) (fem) هُنَّ
  For them (all) (fem) لَهُنَّ
  Only them (all) (fem) إِيَّاهُنَّ



هِيَ مُسْلِمَةٌ

She is Muslim

هُمَا مُسْلِمَتَانِ

They are both Muslims

هُنَّ مُسْلِمَاتٌ

They are Muslims


Her Lord


Their Lord


Their Lord


He created her


He created them



He created them

Detached pronouns.

Detached pronouns come separately from the words.

the number of detached pronouns in Arabic.


  English Arabic
singular He هُوَ
  She هِيَ
Dual They two هُمَا
  They two (fem) هُمَا
Plural They all هُمْ
  They (all) (fem) هُنَّ



هُوَ مُسْلِمٌ

He is Muslim

هُمَا مُسْلِمَانِ

They are both Muslims

هُم مُسْلِمُوْنَ

They are Muslims


His Lord


Their Lord


Their Lord


He created him


He created them


He created them

 How are pronouns conjugated in Arabic?

Conjugation of pronouns in case of Subject pronouns in Arabic: in subject pronouns, they take the place of nouns and represent the subject of the sentence. They include: (I, you, we, he, she, we, they).

أنا من أمريكا (ana min amriika)

I am from the US.

هو مهندس (howwa mohandis)

He is an engineer.

Most of the time you don’t need to use the subject pronoun as you can tell from the verb which is the subject. Therefore, subject pronouns are used to emphasize something or in sentences that don’t contain verbs like the above examples.

In the English language, we only have the pronoun “you” that is used in case of talking about two persons or more or when talking to them, or even when talking to a person. While in the Arabic language the pronoun differs based on the gender of the person you are talking to.

 Object pronouns in Arabic: the object pronoun is used when someone is doing something to someone else, meaning, when you want to say someone hit someone else, for example, you will say he hit her or she hit him. In Arabic it will be ضربته (Darabatu) or ضربها (Darabha). Another example:

يشكرون (yaškuruuni)

They thank me.

 What are demonstrative pronouns in Arabic?

To point to something or to identify it we use the demonstrative pronouns Arabic. The demonstrative pronoun comes before the noun that it describes or refers to.


this (masc.) هذا (haada)
    this man هذا الرجل (haada r-rajul)
    this lesson هذا الدرس (haada d-dars)
this (fem.) هذه (haadihi)
    this girl هذه البنت (haadihi l-bint)
    this pillow هذه المخدة (haadihi l-mixadda)
    These books are long هذه الكتب طويلة (haadihi l-kutub Tawiila)
    These cars are new هذه السيارات جديدة (haadihi s-sayaraat jadiida)
that (masc.) ذلك (daalika)
    that man ذلك الرجل (daalika r-rajul)
that (fem.) تلك (tilka)
    that girl تلك البنت (tilka l-bint)
these (masc. dual) هذان | هذين (haadaani/haadeini)*
    These (two) boys are Egyptian هذان الولدان مصريان (haadaani l-waladaan miSriyaan)
    I saw these (two) boys رأيت هذين الولدين (ra’eitu haadeini l-waladein)
these (fem. dual) هتان | هتين (haataani/haateini)*
    these (two) girls هتان البنتان (haataani l-bintaan)
    I saw these (two) girls رأيت هتين الولدين (ra’eitu haateini l-bintein)
these (masc. and fem. pl.) هؤلا (haa’ulaa)
    these men هؤلا الرجال (haa’ulaa r-rijaal)
    these girls هؤلا البنات (haa’ulaa l-banaat)
those (masc. and fem. pl.) أولائك (uulaa’ika)
    those men أولائك الرجل (uulaa’ika r-rijaal)
    those girls أولائك البنات (uulaa’ika l-banaat)

 what are the names of pronouns in Arabic?

  •       Arabic Subject Pronouns – ضمائر الفاعل
  •       Arabic Object Pronouns – ضمائر المفعول به
  •       Arabic Possessive Pronouns

1-Arabic Subject Pronouns – ضمائر الفاعل

subject pronouns take the place of nouns and represent the subject of the sentence. They include: (I, you, we, he, she, we, they).

Mostly we don’t use the subject pronoun in Arabic because you can know the subject from the verb itself. Therefore, subject pronouns are used to emphasize something or are used in sentences that don’t contain verbs

Arabic pronouns chart (Subject pronouns)

English Standard Arabic Egyptian Arabic  
Singular I أنا (ana)  
  you (masc.) انتَ (anta) انت (inta)
  you (fem.) انتِ (anti) انتى (inti)
  he هو (howwa)  
  she هي (heyya)  
Dual we نحن (naHnu)  
  you أنتما (antuma)  
  they هما (humaa)  
Plural we نحن (naHnu) احنا (eHna)
  you (masc.) أنتم (antum) انتو (intu)
  you (fem.) أنتن (antunna)  
  they (masc.) هم (homa) هم (homa)
  they (fem.) هن (hunna)  

 أنا أتحدث العربية (‘ana ‘atahadath alearabia)

  •  I speak Arabic.
  • انت لطيف (‘ant latif)
  •  You’re kind.

 2- Arabic Object Pronouns – ضمائر المفعول به

We use the object pronoun in the Arabic language to show that the action is affecting someone or something directly. Additionally, the object pronoun is classified as one of the attached pronouns which means that it’s added to the end of the word and doesn’t come separately. Here’s an example:

  • كلمني (kalmuni)
  •  Call me!

Arabic pronouns list (Object pronouns)

  English Standard Arabic Egyptian Arabic
Singular me ـني (-ni)  
  you (masc.) ـكَ (-ka) ـك (-ak)
  you (fem.) ـكِ (-ki) ـك (-ik)
  him ـه (-u)  
  her ـها (-ha)  
Dual us ـنا (-na)  
  you ـكما (-kuma)  
  them ـهما (-huma)  
Plural us ـنا (-na)  
  you (masc.) ـكم (-kum) ـكو \ـكم (-ku/-kum)
  you (fem.) ـكن (-kunna)  
  them (masc.) ـهم (-hum) ـهم (-hom)
  them (fem.) ـهن (-hunna)  

 3-What is a possessive pronoun in Arabic?

 Arabic Possessive Pronouns are the pronouns that are used to show the ownership of something, in English, they are “my”, “you”, “his”, “her”, “our”, “your”, and “their”. Possessive pronouns in Arabic have attached pronouns, they come attached to the end of a word. Additionally, the possessive pronoun differs based on gender. Here are some examples:

  • كلبي (klbi)
  •  my dog
  • كلبك (kalbak)
  •  your dog
  • كلبه (klbah)
  •  his dog
  • كلبها (kalabaha)
  • her dog
  • كتابي   
  • My book
  • كتابكَ   
  • Your (m.) book
  • كتابكِ   
  • Your (f.) book
  • كتابه    
  • His book
  • كتابها   
  • Her book
  • كتابنا   
  • Our book
  • كتابكما 
  • Your book
  • كتابهما 
  • Their book
  • كتابنا   
  • Our book
  • كتابكم  
  • Your (m.) book
  • كتابكن 
  • Your (f.) book
  • كتابهم  
  • Their (m.) book
  • كتابهن 
  • Their (f.) book

Arabic possessive pronouns list.

  English Standard Arabic Egyptian Arabic
Singular my ـي (-i)  
  your (masc.) ـكَ (-ka) ـك (-ak)
  your (fem.) ـكِ (-ki) ـك (-ik)
  his ـه (-u)  
  her ـها (-ha)  
Dual our ـنا (-na)  
  your ـكما (-kuma)  
  their ـهما (-huma)  
Plural our ـنا (-na)  
  your (masc.) ـكم (-kum) ـكو\ـكم (-ku/-kum)
  your (fem.) ـكن (-kunna)  
  their (masc.) ـهم (-hum) ـهم (-hom)
  their (fem.) ـهن (-hunna)  

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