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How many pronouns in Arabic language? | Noor Academy

pronouns in Arabic language
Learning the pronouns in the Arabic language is very important and really easy, and that’s what you will see shortly.
How many pronouns are in the Arabic language?
There are 12 Arabic pronouns that are different from the English pronouns, for example in English we have “I”, “you”, “he”, “she”, and “it” is singular, and “we”, “you”, “they” in the plural.

While Arabic pronouns are divided into singular, dual, and plural pronouns. When do we use the Dual pronouns? When talking about two people. If there are more than two then you will use the plural Arabic pronouns.

 What is pronoun in Arabic?

Just like in the English language, pronouns in the Arabic language are used to replace the name of an object or person. In English, we use “I”, “you”, “he”, “she”, “it”, “we”, “you”, and “they” while in Arabic “ana”, “anti”, “antum”, etc.
Are there pronouns in Arabic?
Yes, like any other language there are pronouns in Arabic.  However, the use of pronouns is different based on multiple things like gender, singular, dual, and plural.
What are the main types of pronouns in Arabic?
There are mainly two types of pronouns in Arabic, and they are:

  •       Attached pronouns: this type of pronoun is attached to the word whether it is a verb, noun, or particle.
  •       Detached pronouns: this one comes separated from the word.

Attached pronouns.
As we said above the Attached pronouns in Arabic come attached to the word whether it is a verb, noun, or particle, and it’s attached to the end of the word. When the attached pronoun is added to a verb it represents the subject or object. When added to a noun it comes as a possessive pronoun. When added to the end of a particle the pronoun works as an object of a preposition.

Here are all Arabic pronouns (third person):

 
English
Arabic

singular
His
هُ

 
For him
لَهُ

 
Her
هَا

 
For her
لَها

 
Only her
إِيَّاهَا

 
 
 

Dual
Theirs (two)
هُمَا

 
For them (two)
لَهُمَا

 
Only them (two)
إِيَّاهُما

 
Their (two) (fem.)
هُمَا

 
For them  (two) (fem)
لَهُمَا

 
Only them  (two) (fem)
إَيَّاهُمَا

 
 
 

Plural
their (all)
هُمْ

 
For them (all)
لَهُمْ

 
Only him
إِيَّاهُ

 
Only them (all)
إِيَّاهُمَا

 
Their (all) (fem)
هُنَّ

 
For them (all) (fem)
لَهُنَّ

 
Only them (all) (fem)
إِيَّاهُنَّ

 

Examples:

هِيَ مُسْلِمَةٌ

She is Muslim

هُمَا مُسْلِمَتَانِ

They are both Muslims

هُنَّ مُسْلِمَاتٌ

They are Muslims

رَبُّهَا

Her Lord

رَبُّهُمَا

Their Lord

رَبُّهُنَّ

Their Lord

خَلَقَهَا

He created her

خَلَقَهُمَا

He created them

 

خَلَقَهُنَّ

He created them
Detached pronouns.
Detached pronouns come separately from the words.
the number of detached pronouns in Arabic.
 

 
English
Arabic

singular
He
هُوَ

 
She
هِيَ

 
 
 

Dual
They two
هُمَا

 
They two (fem)
هُمَا

 
 
 

Plural
They all
هُمْ

 
They (all) (fem)
هُنَّ

 

Examples:

هُوَ مُسْلِمٌ

He is Muslim

هُمَا مُسْلِمَانِ

They are both Muslims

هُم مُسْلِمُوْنَ

They are Muslims

رَبُّهُ

His Lord

رَبُّهُمَا

Their Lord

رَبُهُمْ

Their Lord

خَلَقَهُ

He created him

خَلَقَهُمَا

He created them

خَلَقَهُم

He created them
 How are pronouns conjugated in Arabic?
Conjugation of pronouns in case of Subject pronouns in Arabic: in subject pronouns, they take the place of nouns and represent the subject of the sentence. They include: (I, you, we, he, she, we, they).

أنا من أمريكا (ana min amriika)

I am from the US.

هو مهندس (howwa mohandis)

He is an engineer.

Most of the time you don’t need to use the subject pronoun as you can tell from the verb which is the subject. Therefore, subject pronouns are used to emphasize something or in sentences that don’t contain verbs like the above examples.

In the English language, we only have the pronoun “you” that is used in case of talking about two persons or more or when talking to them, or even when talking to a person. While in the Arabic language the pronoun differs based on the gender of the person you are talking to.

 Object pronouns in Arabic: the object pronoun is used when someone is doing something to someone else, meaning, when you want to say someone hit someone else, for example, you will say he hit her or she hit him. In Arabic it will be ضربته (Darabatu) or ضربها (Darabha). Another example:

يشكرون (yaškuruuni)

They thank me.
 What are demonstrative pronouns in Arabic?
To point to something or to identify it we use the demonstrative pronouns Arabic. The demonstrative pronoun comes before the noun that it describes or refers to.

 

 
Arabic

this (masc.)
هذا (haada)

    this man
هذا الرجل (haada r-rajul)

    this lesson
هذا الدرس (haada d-dars)

this (fem.)
هذه (haadihi)

 
 

    this girl
هذه البنت (haadihi l-bint)

    this pillow
هذه المخدة (haadihi l-mixadda)

    These books are long
هذه الكتب طويلة (haadihi l-kutub Tawiila)

    These cars are new
هذه السيارات جديدة (haadihi s-sayaraat jadiida)

that (masc.)
ذلك (daalika)

    that man
ذلك الرجل (daalika r-rajul)

that (fem.)
تلك (tilka)

    that girl
تلك البنت (tilka l-bint)

these (masc. dual)
هذان | هذين (haadaani/haadeini)*

 
 

    These (two) boys are Egyptian
هذان الولدان مصريان (haadaani l-waladaan miSriyaan)

    I saw these (two) boys
رأيت هذين الولدين (ra’eitu haadeini l-waladein)

these (fem. dual)
هتان | هتين (haataani/haateini)*

 
 

    these (two) girls
هتان البنتان (haataani l-bintaan)

    I saw these (two) girls
رأيت هتين الولدين (ra’eitu haateini l-bintein)

these (masc. and fem. pl.)
هؤلا (haa’ulaa)

    these men
هؤلا الرجال (haa’ulaa r-rijaal)

    these girls
هؤلا البنات (haa’ulaa l-banaat)

those (masc. and fem. pl.)
أولائك (uulaa’ika)

    those men
أولائك الرجل (uulaa’ika r-rijaal)

    those girls
أولائك البنات (uulaa’ika l-banaat)

 what are the names of pronouns in Arabic?

  •       Arabic Subject Pronouns – ضمائر الفاعل
  •       Arabic Object Pronouns – ضمائر المفعول به
  •       Arabic Possessive Pronouns

1-Arabic Subject Pronouns – ضمائر الفاعل
subject pronouns take the place of nouns and represent the subject of the sentence. They include: (I, you, we, he, she, we, they).

Mostly we don’t use the subject pronoun in Arabic because you can know the subject from the verb itself. Therefore, subject pronouns are used to emphasize something or are used in sentences that don’t contain verbs

Arabic pronouns chart (Subject pronouns)

English
Standard Arabic
Egyptian Arabic
 

Singular
I
أنا (ana)
 

 
you (masc.)
انتَ (anta)
انت (inta)

 
you (fem.)
انتِ (anti)
انتى (inti)

 
he
هو (howwa)
 

 
she
هي (heyya)
 

Dual
we
نحن (naHnu)
 

 
you
أنتما (antuma)
 

 
they
هما (humaa)
 

Plural
we
نحن (naHnu)
احنا (eHna)

 
you (masc.)
أنتم (antum)
انتو (intu)

 
you (fem.)
أنتن (antunna)
 

 
they (masc.)
هم (homa)
هم (homa)

 
they (fem.)
هن (hunna)
 

 أنا أتحدث العربية (‘ana ‘atahadath alearabia)

  •  I speak Arabic.
  • انت لطيف (‘ant latif)
  •  You’re kind.

 2- Arabic Object Pronouns – ضمائر المفعول به
We use the object pronoun in the Arabic language to show that the action is affecting someone or something directly. Additionally, the object pronoun is classified as one of the attached pronouns which means that it’s added to the end of the word and doesn’t come separately. Here’s an example:

  • كلمني (kalmuni)
  •  Call me!

Arabic pronouns list (Object pronouns)

 
English
Standard Arabic
Egyptian Arabic

Singular
me
ـني (-ni)
 

 
you (masc.)
ـكَ (-ka)
ـك (-ak)

 
you (fem.)
ـكِ (-ki)
ـك (-ik)

 
him
ـه (-u)
 

 
her
ـها (-ha)
 

Dual
us
ـنا (-na)
 

 
you
ـكما (-kuma)
 

 
them
ـهما (-huma)
 

Plural
us
ـنا (-na)
 

 
you (masc.)
ـكم (-kum)
ـكو \ـكم (-ku/-kum)

 
you (fem.)
ـكن (-kunna)
 

 
them (masc.)
ـهم (-hum)
ـهم (-hom)

 
them (fem.)
ـهن (-hunna)
 

 3-What is a possessive pronoun in Arabic?
 Arabic Possessive Pronouns are the pronouns that are used to show the ownership of something, in English, they are “my”, “you”, “his”, “her”, “our”, “your”, and “their”. Possessive pronouns in Arabic have attached pronouns, they come attached to the end of a word. Additionally, the possessive pronoun differs based on gender. Here are some examples:

  • كلبي (klbi)
  •  my dog
  • كلبك (kalbak)
  •  your dog
  • كلبه (klbah)
  •  his dog
  • كلبها (kalabaha)
  • her dog
  • كتابي   
  • My book
  • كتابكَ   
  • Your (m.) book
  • كتابكِ   
  • Your (f.) book
  • كتابه    
  • His book
  • كتابها   
  • Her book
  • كتابنا   
  • Our book
  • كتابكما 
  • Your book
  • كتابهما 
  • Their book
  • كتابنا   
  • Our book
  • كتابكم  
  • Your (m.) book
  • كتابكن 
  • Your (f.) book
  • كتابهم  
  • Their (m.) book
  • كتابهن 
  • Their (f.) book

Arabic possessive pronouns list.

 
English
Standard Arabic
Egyptian Arabic

Singular
my
ـي (-i)
 

 
your (masc.)
ـكَ (-ka)
ـك (-ak)

 
your (fem.)
ـكِ (-ki)
ـك (-ik)

 
his
ـه (-u)
 

 
her
ـها (-ha)
 

Dual
our
ـنا (-na)
 

 
your
ـكما (-kuma)
 

 
their
ـهما (-huma)
 

Plural
our
ـنا (-na)
 

 
your (masc.)
ـكم (-kum)
ـكو\ـكم (-ku/-kum)

 
your (fem.)
ـكن (-kunna)
 

 
their (masc.)
ـهم (-hum)
ـهم (-hom)

 
their (fem.)
ـهن (-hunna)
 

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