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What is surah Ahqaf about? | Noor Academy

surah Ahqaf
What is surah Ahqaf about? Surah Ahqaf the surah number 46 in the holy Quran with 35 verses that carry many messages for us all to learn from.

The main topics discussed in the surah include:

  •       There is no God but Allah, and the idols they worship can’t respond and don’t even hear their calls.

وَمَنْ أَضَلُّ مِمَّن يَدْعُوا۟ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ مَن لَّا يَسْتَجِيبُ لَهُۥٓ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ ٱلْقِيَـٰمَةِ وَهُمْ عَن دُعَآئِهِمْ غَـٰفِلُونَ ٥

“And who could be more astray than those who call upon others besides Allah—˹others˺ that cannot respond to them until the Day of Judgment, and are ˹even˺ unaware of their calls?”

  •       The holy Quran is the word of Allah that was sent to guide us, and the word of the prophet Muhammad as they say.
  •       The prophet was sent to warn and guide the people.
  •       Allah revealed the Tora to Prophet Musa.
  •       The rewards that a person will get for treating his/her parents with kindness. And the punishment for mistreating them.
  •       The Idols they worship can’t save them from the wrath of Allah.
  •       Among the topic mentioned in surah Ahqaf is a group of Jinn impressing Islam after they heard the Quran.

وَإِذْ صَرَفْنَآ إِلَيْكَ نَفَرًۭا مِّنَ ٱلْجِنِّ يَسْتَمِعُونَ ٱلْقُرْءَانَ فَلَمَّا حَضَرُوهُ قَالُوٓا۟ أَنصِتُوا۟ ۖ فَلَمَّا قُضِىَ وَلَّوْا۟ إِلَىٰ قَوْمِهِم مُّنذِرِينَ ٢٩
“˹Remember, O  Prophet,˺ when We sent a group of jinn your way to listen to the Quran. Then, upon hearing it, they said ˹to one another˺, “Listen quietly!” Then when it was over, they returned to their fellow jinn as warners.”
قَالُوا۟ يَـٰقَوْمَنَآ إِنَّا سَمِعْنَا كِتَـٰبًا أُنزِلَ مِنۢ بَعْدِ مُوسَىٰ مُصَدِّقًۭا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ يَهْدِىٓ إِلَى ٱلْحَقِّ وَإِلَىٰ طَرِيقٍۢ مُّسْتَقِيمٍۢ ٣٠
“They declared, “O our fellow jinn! We have truly heard a scripture revealed after Moses, confirming what came before it. It guides to the truth and the Straight Way.”

  •       Allah ordered the prophet to be patient with his people.
  •       The people of Ad.
  •       The rewards of the believers.

إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ قَالُوا۟ رَبُّنَا ٱللَّهُ ثُمَّ ٱسْتَقَـٰمُوا۟ فَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ ١٣

“Surely those who say, “Our Lord is Allah,” and then remain steadfast—there will be no fear for them, nor will they grieve.”
أُو۟لَـٰٓئِكَ أَصْحَـٰبُ ٱلْجَنَّةِ خَـٰلِدِينَ فِيهَا جَزَآءًۢ بِمَا كَانُوا۟ يَعْمَلُونَ ١٤
“It is they who will be the residents of Paradise, staying there forever, as a reward for what they used to do.”

  •       The punishment of the disbelievers.

وَيَوْمَ يُعْرَضُ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا۟ عَلَى ٱلنَّارِ أَذْهَبْتُمْ طَيِّبَـٰتِكُمْ فِى حَيَاتِكُمُ ٱلدُّنْيَا وَٱسْتَمْتَعْتُم بِهَا فَٱلْيَوْمَ تُجْزَوْنَ عَذَابَ ٱلْهُونِ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَسْتَكْبِرُونَ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ بِغَيْرِ ٱلْحَقِّ وَبِمَا كُنتُمْ تَفْسُقُونَ ٢٠
“˹Watch for˺ the Day ˹when˺ the disbelievers will be exposed to the Fire. ˹They will be told,˺ “You ˹already˺ exhausted your ˹share of˺ pleasures during your worldly life, and ˹fully˺ enjoyed them. So Today you will be rewarded with the torment of disgrace for your arrogance throughout the land with no right, and for your rebelliousness.”
Why was surah Ahqaf revealed?
Surah Ahqaf was revealed to warn the disbelievers of what will happen to them if they don’t follow the prophet and believe in Allah. Showing them what happened to the people of the prophet Ad for not believing in Allah.

Also, Allah told the prophet that the Jinn embraced Islam and told him to be patient.
Where was surah Ahqaf revealed?
Surah al Ahqaf was revealed in Mecca during the last years of the prophet’s residence in Mecca.
When was surah Ahqaf revealed?
Surah Ahqaf was revealed after the prophet returned from Taif to Makkah. According to authentic traditions it was three years before the Hijrah. Therefore, it was around the end of the 10th year or the beginning of the 11th year of prophethood.

 Why the surah was named al Ahqaf?

The word al Ahqaf means “the sand dunes” or “the winding sand tracts”. It was named surah Al-Ahqaf after verse number 21.
۞ وَٱذْكُرْ أَخَا عَادٍ إِذْ أَنذَرَ قَوْمَهُۥ بِٱلْأَحْقَافِ وَقَدْ خَلَتِ ٱلنُّذُرُ مِنۢ بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِۦٓ أَلَّا تَعْبُدُوٓا۟ إِلَّا ٱللَّهَ إِنِّىٓ أَخَافُ عَلَيْكُمْ عَذَابَ يَوْمٍ عَظِيمٍۢ ٢١
“And remember the brother of ’Ȃd, when he warned his people, who inhabited the sand-hills1—there were certainly warners before and after him—˹saying,˺ “Worship none but Allah. I truly fear for you the torment of a tremendous day.”

In this verse, prophet Ad warns his people by al Ahqaf if they don’t believe in Allah.
 What is the main theme of surah al Ahqaf?
The main theme of surah Ahqaf is a warning of what will happen to the disbelievers if they don’t worship Allah and believe the prophet.
Is surah al ahqaf Makki or Madani?
Surah Al Ahqaf is a Makki surah. It was revealed through the last years of the prophet’s residence in Mecca. It is the surah number 46 in the holy Quran with only 35 verses. 
In which Para is surah al Ahqaf?
Surah al Ahqaf is in Para number 26, with only 35 verses that discuss many topics. And the meaning of the word Ahqaf is “The winding sand tracts”.
How to memorize surah al Ahqaf?
To memorize surah Ahqaf the first thing you should do is to read the full surah slowly. Then take the first verse and repeat it a couple of times, when you finish, try to recite it by heart. When you make it move to the second verse and repeat the process. When you finish memorizing it, try to recite the two verses by heart, and if you succeed go to the next verse, and when you finish the third verse recite the three verses by heart and do the same until you memorize the full surah.

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Surah Ahqaf benefits.
Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq said: “whoever recites this surah every day or on every Friday, Allah would keep him away from trouble and hardships in this world and from painful punishment on the day of reckoning; and virtues ten times the number of men walking on the earth would be recorded to his credit and all his evil deeds would be erased and his rank would be enhanced tenfold.”

Reciting surah Ahqaf will heal its reciter from diseases.

Reciting surah Ahqaf will keep its reciter safe from the punishment of the day of judgment.

Imam Sadiq narrated: “One who recites Surah al-Ahqaf every night or every week is vouchsafed against the fears of this world and the world to come.”
Surah ahqaf Tafseer.
The tafsir of the first verses of surah Ahqaf:
حمٓ 2

تَنزِيلُ ٱلْكِتَـٰبِ مِنَ ٱللَّهِ ٱلْعَزِيزِ ٱلْحَكِيمِ 3

مَا خَلَقْنَا ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَآ إِلَّا بِٱلْحَقِّ وَأَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّى ۚ وَٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا۟ عَمَّآ أُنذِرُوا۟ مُعْرِضُونَ 4

قُلْ أَرَءَيْتُم مَّا تَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ أَرُونِى مَاذَا خَلَقُوا۟ مِنَ ٱلْأَرْضِ أَمْ لَهُمْ شِرْكٌ فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٰتِ ۖ ٱئْتُونِى بِكِتَـٰبٍ مِّن قَبْلِ هَـٰذَآ أَوْ أَثَـٰرَةٍ مِّنْ عِلْمٍ إِن كُنتُمْ صَـٰدِقِينَ 5

وَمَنْ أَضَلُّ مِمَّن يَدْعُوا۟ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ مَن لَّا يَسْتَجِيبُ لَهُۥٓ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ ٱلْقِيَـٰمَةِ وَهُمْ عَن دُعَآئِهِمْ غَـٰفِلُونَ 6

وَإِذَا حُشِرَ ٱلنَّاسُ كَانُوا۟ لَهُمْ أَعْدَآءً وَكَانُوا۟ بِعِبَادَتِهِمْ كَـٰفِرِينَ

  1. Ha Mim. 2. The revelation of the Book is from Allah, the Almighty, the All-Wise. 3. We created not the heavens and the earth and all that is between them except with truth, and for a specified term. But those who disbelieve, turn away from that whereof they are warned. 4. Say: “Think you about all that you invoke besides Allah Show me what have they created of the earth Or have they a share in (the creation of) the heavens Bring me a scripture prior to this or some trace of knowledge if you are truthful!” 5. And who is more astray than those who invoke besides Allah others who will not answer them until the Day of Resurrection, and who are unaware of their invocations to them 6. And when mankind is gathered, they (false deities) will become their enemies and will deny their worship.

 The Qur’an is a Revelation from Allah and the Universe is His True Creation

Allah informs that He has revealed the Book to His servant and Messenger Muhammad — may Allah’s blessings be upon him until the Day of Judgement. Allah then describes Himself as being of unimaginable glory, possessing ultimate wisdom in His statements and actions. Allah then says,

 
﴿مَا خَلَقْنَا السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَآ إِلاَّ بِالْحَقِّ﴾
(We created not the heavens and the earth and all that is between them except in truth,) meaning, not in idle play and falsehood.

 
﴿وَأَجَلٌ مُّسَمًّى﴾
(and for a specified term.) meaning, for a fixed and specified duration that will not increase or decrease. Allah continues,

 
﴿وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ عَمَّآ أُنذِرُواْ مُعْرِضُونَ﴾
(But those who disbelieve, turn away from that of which they are warned.) Meaning, the disbelievers are distracted from what is intended for them. Allah has indeed revealed to them a Book and sent to them a Messenger. Yet, they obstinately turn away from all of that. Therefore, they will soon realize the consequence of their behavior.

Allah then says,
﴿قُلْ﴾
(Say) meaning, to these idolators who worship others besides Allah.

 ﴿أَرَأَيْتُمْ مَّا تَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ أَرُونِى مَاذَا خَلَقُواْ مِنَ الاٌّرْضِ﴾

(Think about all that you invoke besides Allah Show me what they have created of the earth) (46:4) meaning, `show me the place that they have independently created from the earth.’

 
﴿أَمْ لَهُمْ شِرْكٌ فِى السَّمَـوَتِ﴾
(Or have they a share in the heavens) which means that they are not partners in anything in the heavens, nor on earth. They do not own even the thin membrane covering a date’s pit. The dominion and control only belong to Allah, Exalted is He. `How then would you worship others or join them as partners with Him Who guided you to that Who called you to that Did He command you to do it, or is it something that you suggested yourselves’ Thus, He says,

 
﴿ائْتُونِى بِكِتَـبٍ مِّن قَبْلِ هَـذَآ﴾
(Bring me a scripture prior to this) meaning, `bring a book from among the Books of Allah that have been revealed to the Prophets, that commands you to worship these idols.’

 
﴿أَوْ أَثَـرَةٍ مِّنْ عِلْمٍ﴾
(or some trace of knowledge,) meaning, `some clear evidence justifying this way you have chosen.’

 
﴿إِن كُنتُمْ صَـدِقِينَ﴾
(if you are truthful!) meaning, `you have absolutely no evidence for that — neither textual (from revelation) nor rational.’ For this reason, some recited it; (أَوْ أَثَرَةٍ مِنْ عِلْمٍ) “or something inherited from knowledge” meaning, `or true knowledge that you have inherited from anyone before you.’ This is similar to Mujahid’s statement when he said,

 
﴿أَوْ أَثَـرَةٍ مِّنْ عِلْمٍ﴾
(or some trace of knowledge.) “Or anyone who has inherited any knowledge.” Allah then says,

 
﴿وَمَنْ أَضَلُّ مِمَّن يَدْعُو مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ مَن لاَّ يَسْتَجِيبُ لَهُ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَـمَةِ وَهُمْ عَن دُعَآئِهِمْ غَـفِلُونَ ﴾
(And who is more astray than those who invokes besides Allah others who will not answer them until the Day of Resurrection, and who are unaware of their invocations to them) meaning, no one is more misguided than those who invoke idols instead of Allah, asking them for things that they cannot give — until the Day of Judgment. They (the idols) are unaware of what he asks, they can neither hear, see, or act. This is because they are inanimate, senseless stones. Allah then says,

 
﴿وَإِذَا حُشِرَ النَّاسُ كَانُواْ لَهُمْ أَعْدَآءً وَكَانُواْ بِعِبَادَتِهِمْ كَـفِرِينَ ﴾
(And when mankind are gathered, they will become their enemies and will deny their worship.) This is similar to Allah’s saying:
 ﴿وَاتَّخَذُواْ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ ءالِهَةً لِّيَكُونُواْ لَهُمْ عِزّاً ﴾

﴿كَلاَّ سَيَكْفُرُونَ بِعِبَـدَتِهِمْ وَيَكُونُونَ عَلَيْهِمْ ضِدّاً ﴾
(They have taken gods beside Allah, that they might give them dignity. No! They will deny their worship of them, and will be opponents to them.) (19:81, 82) meaning, they will betray them when they need them the most. (Ibrahim) Al-Khalil, peace be upon him, said:

 
﴿إِنَّمَا اتَّخَذْتُمْ مِّن دُونِ اللَّهِ أَوْثَـناً مَّوَدَّةَ بَيْنِكُمْ فِى الْحَيَوةِ الدُّنْيَا ثُمَّ يَوْمَ الْقِيَـمَةِ يَكْفُرُ بَعْضُكُمْ بِبَعْضٍ وَيَلْعَنُ بَعْضُكُمْ بَعْضاً وَمَأْوَاكُمُ النَّارُ وَمَا لَكُمْ مِّن نَّـصِرِينَ﴾
(You have taken only idols besides Allah! The love between you is only in the life of this world. On the Day of Resurrection, you shall disown each other and curse each other, and your abode will be the Fire, and you shall have no helpers.)(29:25)
Hadith on surah al ahqaf.
Aisha said: “Whenever the wind was stormy, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) used to say: O Allah! I ask Thee for what is good in it, and the good which it contains, and the good of that which it was sent for. I seek refuge with Thee from what is evil in it, what evil it contains, and the evil of that what it was sent for; and when there was thunder and lightning in the sky, his color underwent a change, and he went out and in, backward and forwards; and when the rain came, he felt relieved, and I noticed that (the sign of relief) on his face. ‘A’isha asked him (about it) and he said: It may be as the people of ‘Ad said:
فلما رأوه عارضا مستقبل أوديتهم قالوا هذا عارض ممطرنا
When they saw a cloud formation coming to their valley they said:” It is a cloud which would give us rain” (46:24) “

 Surah Ahqaf summary

  •       There is no God but Allah, and the idols they worship can’t respond and don’t even hear their calls.
  •       The holy Quran is the word of Allah that was sent to guide us, and the word of the prophet Muhammad as they say.
  •       The prophet was sent to warn and guide the people.
  •       Allah revealed the Tora to Prophet Musa.
  •       The rewards that a person will get for treating his/her parents with kindness. And the punishment for mistreating them.
  •       The Idols they worship can’t save them from the wrath of Allah.
  •       Among the topic mentioned in surah Ahqaf is a group of Jinn impressing Islam after they heard the Quran.
  •       Allah ordered the prophet to be patient with his people.
  •       The people of Ad.
  •       The rewards of the believers.
  •       The punishment of the disbelievers.

 

 

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