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What is surah al Araf about? | Noor Academy

surah al Araf
What is surah al Araf? what does it talk about? And what are its virtues and benefits? We will know the answer to all of that shortly.

What are the major issues discussed in this Surah?

  •       Allah gave the people of the book (Jews and Christians) the choice to become Muslims.
  •       Allah warned the unbelievers about what will happen to them for not believing in Allah and his prophet, just like what happened to the unbelievers in the past.
  •       Warning to the Jews for being hypocrites with the prophet.
  •       The day of judgment, and how we will all be judged for everything we have done in our lives.
  •       Allah orders the believers to eat halal food and dress properly and decently.
  •       A conversation that will happen between the people in paradise, the people in hell, and the people of al Araf (Araf is a place between heaven and hell)
  •       A message to show all the people that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) is the prophet for all humans.
  •       The revelation to the prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him) was mentioned in the Torah and Bible.
  •       The story of Adam and Eve.

Why was surah al Araf revealed?
Surah al A’raf was revealed to show us how Allah created Adam and eve, and how Satan managed to make them eat from the tree that Allah instructed them not to eat from. And to warn the unbelievers about what will happen to them.

Additionally to remind us of the day of judgment, and to tell all the people that the prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) is the prophet for all humans.
Where was surah al Araf revealed?
surah a raf is the surah number 7 in the holy Quran, and it was number 39 in the order of revelation. It was revealed in Makkah.
When was surah al araf revealed?
al araf surah was revealed in the last year of the Prophet’s residence at Makkah before the Hijrah to Madina.
Why the surah was named Al-A’raf?
The surah was named Araf after the place between heaven and hell, as the word Araf means the height of a hill or a mountain. The word was mentioned twice in the surah:

 وَعَلَى الْأَعْرَافِ رِجَالٌ ﴿46﴾

 And on the Elevations will be certain men

 …وَنَادَىٰ أَصْحَابُ الْأَعْرَافِ رِجَالًا ﴿48﴾

 The occupants of the Elevations will call out to certain men

 The surah Also carries other names like:

“Alif, Laam, Mim, Saad”

“Miqat” means appointed place or time

“Mithaq” meaning covenant

 What is the main theme of surah Al-A’raf?

Surah e Araf talks about many things but mainly to warn the unbelievers about what will happen to them for not believing the prophet and mistreating him. Allah shows them examples of what happened to the unbelievers in the past, and shows them that everything they say now was also said in the past and no matter the miracles they were shown they still didn’t believe. Because they chose not to listen to the truth and follow their path, they found their selves on.

Then Allah sends a message to the people of the book who live in the Madina, where the prophet and Muslims will migrate. Allah warns the Jews for being hypocrites with the prophet like they did with the prophet Musa and how they chose to disobey. At the end of the Surah Allah tells the prophet and believers to be patient.
Is surah araf makki or madani?
Al-A’raf is a Makki Surah, it is the surah number seven in the holy Quran with 206 verses, and was revealed in Makkah before the hijra to Madina.
In which para is surah araf?
Araf surah starts in para number 8 and ends in the Juz number 9, with a total number of verses of 206.
Duas in surah al Araf.
Here are some of the Duas that were mentioned in surah Al-A’raf:

”Our Lord! we have sinned against ourselves and unless You grant us forgiveness and bestow Your mercy upon us, we shall most certainly be lost”

رَبَّنا ظَلَمنا أَنفُسَنا وَإِن لَم تَغفِر لَنا وَتَرحَمنا لَنَكونَنَّ مِنَ الخٰسِرينَ

Rabbana zalamna anfusana wa in lam taghfirlana watar hamna lana koonanna minal khasireen

 ”Our Lord ! place us not with the unjust”

رَبَّنا لا تَجعَلنا مَعَ القَومِ الظّٰلِمينَ 

Rabbana laa tajAAalna ma al qawmizzaalimeen

 ”Our Lord! decide between us and our people with truth, and Thou art the best of deciders”

   رَبَّنَا افتَح بَينَنا وَبَينَ قَومِنا بِالحَقِّ وَأَنتَ خَيرُ الفٰتِحينَ

 rabbana iftah baynana wabayna qawmina bialhaqqi waanta khayru alfatiheen

 

‘Our Lord: Pour out upon us patience and cause us to die in submission”

  رَبَّنا أَفرِغ عَلَينا صَبرًا وَتَوَفَّنا مُسلِمينَ

Rabbana afrigh AAalayna sabran watawaffana muslimeena

 “My Lord! forgive me and my brother and cause us to enter into Thy mercy, and Thou art the most Merciful of the merciful ones.”

 رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِأَخِي وَأَدْخِلْنَا فِي رَحْمَتِكَ ۖ وَأَنتَ أَرْحَمُ الرَّاحِمِينَ

 rabbi ighfir lee waliakhee waadkhilna fee rahmatika waanta arhamu alrrahimeen

 Surah araf benefits

There are many benefits and rewards for reading surah Al-Araf, here are some of them:

1-     Allah will protect us from Satan on the day of Judgment.

The prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said: “God will set a barrier between one who recites surah Araf and Satan on the Day of Judgment and makes him befriend Prophet Adam (AS).”

 2-     Allah will forgive our sins.

Abu Abdillah (AS) says: “Those who recite surah Araf every month, on Qiyamah will be among the ones who will have no fear nor grief and if they recite it every Friday, they will not be called to account on Judgment Day.”

 3-     Allah will protect us from enemies and wild animals.

Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him) said: “one who writes surah Araf and carries it with oneself will be immune from enemies and wild animals with God’s permission.”

 4-     Blessings from Allah and increased wealth.

It is said that if someone reads the following verse and writes it on a paper after Friday prayers then hangs it in the house, Allah will grant him many blessings in his wealth and work.

وَلَقَدْ مَكَّنَّاكُمْ فِي الأَرْضِ وَجَعَلْنَا لَكُمْ فِيهَا مَعَايِشَ قَلِيلًا مَّا تَشْكُرُونَ ﴿10﴾

“Certainly, we have established you on the earth, and made in it [various] means of livelihood for you. Little do you thank.”

5- if someone wants to sleep less in the night and stay awake to worship Allah then he/she should read the following verses and ask Allah to help him/her to stay awake and Allah will answer their wish.

إِنَّ رَبَّكُمُ اللّهُ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ فِي سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ ثُمَّ اسْتَوَى عَلَى الْعَرْشِ يُغْشِي اللَّيْلَ النَّهَارَ يَطْلُبُهُ حَثِيثًا وَالشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ وَالنُّجُومَ مُسَخَّرَاتٍ بِأَمْرِهِ أَلاَ لَهُ الْخَلْقُ وَالأَمْرُ تَبَارَكَ اللّهُ رَبُّ الْعَالَمِينَ ﴿54﴾

“Indeed your Lord is Allah, who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and then settled on the Throne. He draws the night’s cover over the day, which pursues it swiftly, and [He created] the sun, the moon, and the stars, [all of them] disposed by His command. Look! All creation and command belong to Him. Blessed is Allah, the Lord of all the worlds.”

 ادْعُواْ رَبَّكُمْ تَضَرُّعًا وَخُفْيَةً إِنَّهُ لاَ يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ ﴿55﴾

 “Supplicate your Lord, beseechingly and secretly. Indeed, He does not like the transgressors.”

 وَلاَ تُفْسِدُواْ فِي الأَرْضِ بَعْدَ إِصْلاَحِهَا وَادْعُوهُ خَوْفًا وَطَمَعًا إِنَّ رَحْمَتَ اللّهِ قَرِيبٌ مِّنَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ ﴿56﴾

 “And do not cause corruption on the earth after its restoration, and supplicate Him with fear and hope: indeed Allah’s mercy is close to the virtuous.”
Hadith on surah Al-A’raf.
The prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said: “God will set a barrier between one who recites surah Araf and Satan on the Day of Judgment and makes him befriend Prophet Adam (AS).”

Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him) said: “one who writes surah Araf and carries it with oneself will be immune from enemies and wild animals with God’s permission.”

Al-Albani narrated that Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, said: “The Messenger of Allah recited surah al A’raf in the Maghrib prayer, splitting it into two rak’ahs.”
 Surah al Araf summary.
Surah e Araf talks about many things but mainly to warn the unbelievers about what will happen to them for not believing the prophet and mistreating him. Allah shows them examples of what happened to the unbelievers in the past and shows them that everything they say now was also said in the past and no matter the miracles they were shown they still didn’t believe. Because they chose not to listen to the truth and follow their path, they found their selves on.

Then Allah sends a message to the people of the book who live in the Madina, where the prophet and Muslims will migrate. Allah warns the Jews for being hypocrites with the prophet like they did with the prophet Musa and how they chose to disobey. At the end of the Surah Allah tells the prophet and believers to be patient.

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