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When was surah al feel revealed? | Noor Academy

surah al feel
In this article, we will learn when was surah al feel revealed? surah al feel (Arabic: سورة الفيل )  Tafseer, a story, lessons learned, and much more, so let’s get started.
when was surah al feel revealed? 
surah feel was revealed in 622 CE before the hijra to Madina.
What is surah feel meaning?
surat feel is called “The Elephant” in English and it’s the surah number 105 in the holy Quran with only five verses. Here is its meaning in English.
بِسْمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحْمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
Bismillah hir rahman nir Raheem
In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.
أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ فَعَلَ رَبُّكَ بِأَصْحَـٰبِ ٱلْفِيلِ
Alam tara kaifa fa’ala rabbuka bi ashaabil feel
Have you not considered, [O Muhammad], how your Lord dealt with the companions of the elephant?
أَلَمْ يَجْعَلْ كَيْدَهُمْ فِى تَضْلِيلٍۢ
Alam yaj’al kaidahum fee tadleel
Did He not make their plan into misguidance?
وَأَرْسَلَ عَلَيْهِمْ طَيْرًا أَبَابِيلَ
Wa arsala ‘alaihim tairan abaabeel
And He sent against them birds in flocks,
تَرْمِيهِم بِحِجَارَةٍۢ مِّن سِجِّيلٍۢ
Tarmeehim bihijaaratim min sijjeel
Striking them with stones of hard clay,
فَجَعَلَهُمْ كَعَصْفٍۢ مَّأْكُولٍۭ
Faja ‘alahum ka’asfim m’akool
And He made them like eaten straw.

What is the main theme of surah feel?
In this surah, we can see how Allah punished the people of the elephant because they wanted to destroy the Ka’bah. Thinking that their number will be more than enough, what they didn’t think of is that they were facing Allah, no matter how many of them are there no one can defeat Allah. Their number and strength are nothing compared to Allah.

So, surah al feel story shows us that the Ka’bah is protected by Allah and no one can destroy it.

So the primary subject of the surah is the historical event when Abrahah the governor of Yemen lead an army accompanied by elephants to attack mecca with the intention to destroy the Ka’bah that’s why Allah protect the Ka’bah and sent a flock of birds attacking the army with stones of سِجِّيلٍ.

Here is the explanation of some of the terms found in Surat Alfil:

  • Birds Ababil

This refers to the birds attacking the army that was sent to destroy the Ka’bah. And the word Ababil means a group or crowd. So, the bird Ababil means a group of birds. Or could also mean that the group of birds is coming from different directions.

  • Sijjil

The word Sijjil means the hard and solid stones some say that it was from clay and sand.

  • Asf Ma’kul

This refers to the wheat leaves.
Where was surah feel revealed?
Surah Al-Fil was revealed in Makkah.
Why was surah feel revealed?
Sura feel was revealed to show us Allah’s power and how he protected the Ka’bah from a big army consisting of 60,000 men accompanied by elephants just by sending a group of birds to attack them.
In which para is surah al feel?
Surah al feel is in the Juz 30, and it’s the surah number 105 with only five verses.
Is surah feel makki or madani?
Surah al-fil is a Makki surah, it was revealed in the early days before the hijra to Madina.
Surah Feel benefits:
The prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him) said:

Surah Feel recitation will protect you from harmful creatures after reading this 313 times in a single day after Isha prayer for 40 days continuously.

Surah Feel protects you from many health problems like High Blood pressure, Sugar and can be cured by reading it.”
Virtues of Reading Surah Feel:

  •       Reading surah A-Fil helps us solve the problems that we are facing and keeps us safe from our foes.
  •       Reciting it removes all the concerns and fear we experience in difficult situations.

what is surah al feel tafseer?
Here is Surah al feel tafseer
أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ فَعَلَ رَبُّكَ بِأَصْحَـبِ الْفِيلِ
“Have you not seen how your Lord dealt with the Owners of the Elephant?”

Allah started the surah with the question “Have you not seen..”  as a direct address to not just the prophet but to all people who saw the event with their own eyes, how Allah defeated the people of the elephant.
أَلَمْ يَجْعَلْ كَيْدَهُمْ فِى تَضْلِيلٍ
“Did He not make their plot go astray?”

In this verse, Allah shows us that the people of the elephant had a secret plan which is to destroy the Ka`abah, defeat the Quraysh, and scare the Arabians to take control over the major trade route that led from south Arabia to Syria and Egypt. And Allah knew their secret plan and stopped it.
وَأَرْسَلَ عَلَيْهِمْ طَيْراً أَبَابِيلَ – تَرْمِيهِم بِحِجَارَةٍ مِّن سِجِّيلٍ
“And He sent against them birds, in flocks (Ababil). Striking them with stones of Sijjil.”

As we discussed above the Birds Ababil means a group of birds coming from different directions. The birds attacked the people elephants with stones of Sijjil and defeated them.
فَجَعَلَهُمْ كَعَصْفٍ مَّأْكُولٍۭ
“And He made them like eaten straw”.

The word asf means the outer covering of seeds, which the farmer throws away after the grain has been separated from it. Then the animals eat it, and some of it falls down in the chewing and some are trampled under the hoofs. So the flocks of birds showered the army with stones and killed each of the individuals. In this ayah, Allah gave the resemblance of their bodies with the husk of grain, which has been chewed by cattle.
Hadith on surah feel
The prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him) said:

Surah Feel recitation will protect you from harmful creatures after reading this 313 times in a single day after Isha prayer for 40 days continuously.

Surah Feel protects you from many health problems like High Blood pressure, Sugar and can be cured by reading it.”
Surah feel dua
There are no specific Dua to read after or before reciting surah Al feel, but you could recite the following Dua before reading the Quran:
اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ هَذَا كِتَابُكَ الْمُنْزَلُ مِنْ عِنْدِكَ عَلَى رَسُولِكَ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ
allahumma inni ashhadu ann hadha kitabuka almunzalu min `indika ala rasulika muhammadi bni `abdillahi salla allahu `alayhi wa alihi

O Allah I testify that this is the Book revealed by Thee on Thy Messenger Muhammad bin Abdillah, blessings of Allah be on him and on his children;
وَ كَلاَمُكَ النَّاطِقُ عَلَى لِسَانِ نَبِيِّكَ جَعَلْتَهُ هَادِياً مِنْكَ إِلَى خَلْقِكَ وَ حَبْلاً مُتَّصِلاً فِيمَا بَيْنَكَ وَ بَيْنَ عِبَادِكَ
wa kalamuka alnnatiqu `ala lisani nabiyyika ja`altahu hadiyan minka ila khalqika wa hablan muttsilan fima baynaka wa bayna `ibadika

(these are) Thy Words, Thy Prophet gave tongue to, (whom) Thou appointed as a Guide for the people, and an uninterrupted closely connected link of protecting friendship between Thee and Thy servants.
اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي نَشَرْتُ عَهْدَكَ وَ كِتَابَكَ اللَّهُمَّ فَاجْعَلْ نَظَرِي فِيهِ عِبَادَةً وَ قِرَاءَتِي فِيهِ فِكْراً وَ فِكْرِي فِيهِ اعْتِبَاراً
allahumma inni nashartu `ahdaka wa kitabaka allahumma faj`al nazary fihi `ibadatan wa qira‘aty fihi fikran wa fikry fihi a`tibaran

O Allah I make publicly known Thy testament and Thy Book. O Allah let me pay full attention to (this) adorable pious work; let me notice and take warning from (this)thoughtful reflection;<
وَ اجْعَلْنِي مِمَّنِ اتَّعَظَ بِبَيَانِ مَوَاعِظِكَ فِيهِ وَ اجْتَنَبَ مَعَاصِيَكَ
waj`alny mimmn att`aza bibayani mawa`izika fihi wajtanaba ma`asiyaka

let me be one of them who exhort themselves from Thy plain warnings and preaching found in this Book, and keep from that which Thou has made unlawful.
وَ لاَ تَطْبَعْ عِنْدَ قِرَاءَتِي عَلَى سَمْعِي وَ لاَ تَجْعَلْ عَلَى بَصَرِي غِشَاوَةً
wa la tatba` `inda qira‘aty `ala sam`i wa la taj`al `ala basary ghishawatan

Do not seal my hearing and do not cover my eyes when I recite (it).
وَ لاَ تَجْعَلْ قِرَاءَتِي قِرَاءَةً لاَ تَدَبُّرَ فِيهَا بَلِ اجْعَلْنِي أَتَدَبَّرُ آيَاتِهِ وَ أَحْكَامَهُ آخِذاً بِشَرَائِعِ دِينِكَ
wa la taj`al qira‘aty qira‘atan la tadabbara fiha bali aj`alny atadabbru ayatihi wa ahkamahu Learning the laws of my religion

Do not let me recite for the sake of recitation, paying no attention to its meaning, but let me contemplate over its signs and commands, to know and understand the modus operandi of Thy religion.
 وَ لاَ تَجْعَلْ نَظَرِي فِيهِ غَفْلَةً وَ لاَ قِرَاءَتِي هَذَراً إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الرَّءُوفُ الرَّحِيمُ
wa la taj`al nazary fihi ghaflatan wa la qira‘aty hadharan innaka anta alrra´ufu alrrahimu

Do not let my concentration go slack, nor my recitation be like a delirious monologue. Verily Thou art full of pity, Merciful.

After reciting Surah al-feel you could recite the following:
 اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي قَدْ قَرَأْتُ مَا قَضَيْتَ مِنْ كِتَابِكَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلْتَهُ عَلَى نَبِيِّكَ الصَّادِقِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ فَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ رَبَّنَا
allahumma inni qad qara’tu ma qadayta min kitabika alladhy anzaltahu `ala nabiyyIka alssadiqi salla allahu `alayhi wa alihi falaka alhamdu rabbana

O Allah I have recited that which Thou commands from Thy Book Thou revealed to Thy truthful Prophet, blessings of Allah be on him and on his children. (All) praise be to our Lord.
 اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِي مِمَّنْ يُحِلُّ حَلاَلَهُ وَ يُحَرِّمُ حَرَامَهُ وَ يُؤْمِنُ بِمُحْكَمِهِ وَ مُتَشَابِهِهِ
O Allah let me be one of those who take to the lawful and keep from the unlawful, accept and show submission to its clear as well as similar commands,
وَ اجْعَلْهُ لِي أُنْساً فِي قَبْرِي وَ أُنْساً فِي حَشْرِي
allahumma aj`alny mimmn yuhillu halalahu wa yuharrimu haramahu wa yu´minu bimuhkamihi wa mutashabihihi waj`alhu li ’unsan fi qabri wa ’unsan fi hashri

let (this recitation) be my companion in my grave and at the time of Resurrection,
 وَ اجْعَلْنِي مِمَّنْ تُرْقِيهِ (تُرَقِّيهِ) بِكُلِّ آيَةٍ قَرَأَهَا دَرَجَةً فِي أَعْلَى عِلِّيِّينَ آمِينَ رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ
waj`alny mimman turaqqihi bikulli aiyatin qara-aha darajatan fi a`la `illiyyina amina rabba al`alamina

and let me be one of those whom Thou shall raise and exalt, on account of this recitation, on the highest pedestal in the Paradise. Be it so O the Lord of the worlds.

There is another Dua you could recite after reading Surah Al-feel:
اللّهُمّ اشْرَحْ بِالقُرْآنِ صَدْرِي،
allahumma ashrah bilqur’ani sadri

O Allah: (please) expand my breast through the Qur’an
وَاسْتَعْمِلْ بِالقُرْآنِ بَدَنِي،
wasta`mil bilqur’ani badani

And use my body for the Qur’an
وَنَوّرْ بِالقُرْآنِ بَصَرِي،
wa nawwir bilqur’ani basari

And enlighten my sight by the Qur’an
وَأَطْلِقْ بِالقُرْآنِ لِسَانِي،
wa atliq bilqur’ani lisani

And make my tongue eloquent by the Qur’an
وَأَعِنّي عَلَيْهِ مَا أَبْقَيْتَنِي
wa a`inni `alayhi ma abqaytany

And help me carry out its duty as long as You keep me alive,
فَإِنّهُ لا حَوْلَ وَلا قُوّةَ إِلاَّ بِكَ.
fa’innahu la hawla wa la quwwata illa bika

For there is neither power nor might save with You.

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