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When to read surah Dukhan? | Noor Academy

surah Dukhan
We gain many rewards when Reciting Quan, but what are the benefits of reading surah Dukhan? When to read it? Why was it revealed? And much more. Let’s get started.

When to read surah Dukhan? We should recite surah e Dukhan in the night and angels will ask Allah to forgive us, and if we recite it on the Eve of Friday, Allah will build us a home in Paradise. As the prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) told us.

The prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said:

“Whoever recites a letter of the Book of Allah will be credited with a good deed and a good deed is multiplied into ten. I do not say that [the word:] “Alif Lam Meem” is [counted as] one letter. Rather, Alif is one letter, Lam is one letter and Meem is one letter”
Dukhan meaning
The word Dukhan means “smoke” in English, Surah ad Dukhan was revealed in Mecca, and it took its name from the tenth verse of the Surah, where Allah talks about the punishment called Dukhan.
Surah Dukhan meaning.
Sourate al Dokhan is the surah number 44 in the Quran and number 64 in the order of revelation with only 59 verses. It was revealed to the prophet in Mecca, and its name means Smoke in English.
Why was surah dukhan revealed?
According to a hadith, Abdullah bin Masud said: “Upon constant denial of Meccans one day Prophet prayed O God, help me with a famine like the famine of Joseph. Allah accepted his prayer, and the whole land was caught in a famine and the people were extremely distressed. Then some chiefs of the tribe along with Abu Sufyan came to the Holy Prophet and requested him to pray to Allah to rescue his people from the disaster. On this occasion, Allah sent down this Surah. The Surah admonishes the punishment of God. When the punishment of God comes, then no one can avoid it.”
Where was surah dukhan revealed?
Dukhan surah was revealed in Mecca before the Hijra to Madinah
When was surah dukhan revealed?
Sura Dukhan was revealed in Mecca around 614 – 617 AD.
Why the surah was named ad dukhan?
Surah al-Dukhan was named Dukhan after the tenth verse of the surah. Allah says in the holy Quran:

  فَارْتَقِبْ يَوْمَ تَأْتِي السَّمَاءُ بِدُخَانٍ مُبِينٍ

“Then watch for the Day when the sky will bring a visible smoke.”
What is the main theme of surah ad Dukhan?
Here are the Major topics discussed in Surat Al-Dukhan.

1-     Quran was revealed to the prophet in Layl-tul-Qadr.

2-     The Holy Quran shows us that Allah created the heavens and earth.

3-     The story of the Prophet Musa and his people.

4-     The day of judgment and how no one will help his friend, and everyone will only care for himself.

5-     People Doubts In the day of Resurrection.

6-     Description of paradise.
Is surah al Dukhan Makki or Madani?
Surah al dukhan was revealed in Macca, which means that it is a Makki Surah.

 How to memorize surah ad Dukhan?

To memorize surah Dukhan the first thing you should do is to read the full surah slowly. Then take the first verse and repeat it a couple of times, when you finish, try to recite it by heart. When you make it move to the second verse and repeat the process. When you finish memorizing it, try to recite the two verses by heart, and if you succeed go to the next verse, and when you finish the third verse recite the three verses by heart and do the same until you memorize the full surah.

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Which para is surah dukhan?
Surah ad dukhan is in Para number 25.
Hadith about surah dukhan
Abu Hurairah Narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said: “If anyone recites Hamim Dukhan any night, 70 thousand angels will ask forgiveness for him in the morning.”

Abu Umamah said: “I have heard the Messenger of God (peace and blessing be upon him) saying, “Whoever prays Surah Dukhan on the eve of Friday God makes for him a home in paradise.
Surah dukhan Tafseer
Allah tells us that He revealed the Magnificent Qur’an on a blessed night, Laylatul-Qadr (the Night of Decree), as He says:

إِنَّا أَنْزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ

(Verily, We have sent it down on the Night of Al-Qadr) (97:1). This was in the month of Ramadan, as Allah tells us:

شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِي أُنْزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ

(The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur’an) (2:185). We have already quoted the relevant Hadiths in (the Tafsir of) Surat Al-Baqarah, and there is no need to repeat them here.

إِنَّا كُنَّا مُنْذِرِينَ

(Verily, We are ever warning.) means, telling them what is good for them and what is harmful for them, according to Shari’ah, so that the proof of Allah may be established against His servants.

فِيهَا يُفْرَقُ كُلُّ أَمْرٍ حَكِيمٍ

(Therein (that night) is decreed every matter, Hakim.) means, on Laylatul-Qadr, the decrees are transferred from Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz to the (angelic) scribes who write down the decrees of the (coming) year including life span, provision, and what will happen until the end of the year.

حَكِيمٍ

(Hakim) means decided or confirmed, which cannot be changed or altered. Allah says:

أَمْرًا مِنْ عِنْدِنَا ۚ

(As a command from Us.) meaning, everything that happens and is decreed by Allah and the revelation that He sends down – it all happens by His command, by His leave, and with His knowledge.

إِنَّا كُنَّا مُرْسِلِينَ

(Verily, We are ever sending,) means, to mankind, sending Messenger who will recite to them the clear signs of Allah. The need for this was urgent.

رَحْمَةً مِنْ رَبِّكَ ۚ إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ – رَبِّ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا ۖ

((As) a mercy from your Lord. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower. The Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them,) means, the One Who sent down the Qur’an is the Lord, Creator, and Sovereign of the heavens and the earth and everything in between them.

إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُوقِنِينَ

(if you (but) have a faith with certainty.) Then Allah says:

لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ يُحْيِي وَيُمِيتُ ۖ رَبُّكُمْ وَرَبُّ آبَائِكُمُ الْأَوَّلِينَ

(La ilaha illa Huwa. He gives life and causes death – your Lord and the Lord of your forefathers.) This is like the Ayah:

قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنِّي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ إِلَيْكُمْ جَمِيعًا الَّذِي لَهُ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۖ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ يُحْيِي وَيُمِيتُ ۖ

(Say: “O mankind! Verily, I am sent to you all as the Messenger of Allah – to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. La ilaha illa Huwa. He gives life and causes death…) (7:158)

Alarming the Idolators with News of the Day when the Sky will bring forth a visible Smoke

Allah says these idolaters are playing about in doubt, i.e., a certain truth has come to them, but they doubt it and do not believe in it. Then Allah says, warning and threatening them:

فَارْتَقِبْ يَوْمَ تَأْتِي السَّمَاءُ بِدُخَانٍ مُبِينٍ

(Then wait for you for the Day when the sky will bring forth a visible smoke.) It was narrated that Masruq said, “We entered the Masjid – i.e., the Masjid of Kufah at the gates of Kindah – and a man was reciting to his companions,

يَوْمَ تَأْتِي السَّمَاءُ بِدُخَانٍ مُبِينٍ

(the Day when the sky will bring forth a visible smoke.) He asked them; ‘Do you know what that is?’ That is the smoke that will come on the Day of Resurrection. It will take away the hearing and sight of the hypocrites, but for the believers, it will be like having a cold.'”

According to another report: “A man would look at the sky and he would see nothing between him and the sky except a smoky haze, because of his exhaustion.”

فَارْتَقِبْ يَوْمَ تَأْتِي السَّمَاءُ بِدُخَانٍ مُبِينٍ – يَغْشَى النَّاسَ ۖ هَٰذَا عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ

(Then wait for you for the Day when the sky will bring forth a visible smoke, covering the people, this is a painful torment) A man came to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) and said, “O Messenger of Allah! Pray to Allah to send rain to Mudar, for they are dying. So, the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) prayed for rain for them, and they got rain. Then the Ayah was revealed:

إِنَّا كَاشِفُو الْعَذَابِ قَلِيلًا ۚ إِنَّكُمْ عَائِدُونَ

(Verily, We shall remove the torment for a while. Verily, you will revert.) Ibn Mas’ud said, “Do you think that the torment will be removed for them on the Day of Resurrection? When they were granted ease, they reverted to their former state. Then Allah revealed:

يَوْمَ نَبْطِشُ الْبَطْشَةَ الْكُبْرَىٰ إِنَّا مُنْتَقِمُونَ

(On the Day when We shall strike you with the Great Batshah. Verily, We will exact retribution.)” He said, “This means the day of Badr.”

Ibn Mas’ud said, “Five things have come to pass: the smoke, the (defeat of the) Romans, the (splitting of the) moon, the Batshah, and the torment.”

According to the Hadith of Abu Sarihah, Hudhayfah bin Asid Al-Ghifari, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ looked out upon us from a room while we were discussing the Hour. He ﷺ said:

لَا تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ حَتّٰى تَرَوْا عَشْرَ آيَاتٍ: طُلُوعَ الشَّمْسِ مِنْ مَغْرِبِهَا، وَالدُّخَانَ، وَالدَّابَّةَ، وَخُرُوجَ يَأْجُوجَ وَمَأْجُوجَ، وَخُرُوجَ عِيْسَى ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ وَالدَّجَّالَ، وَثَلَاثَةَ خُسُوفٍ: خَسْفٌ بِالْمَشْرِقِ، وَخَسْفٌ بِالْمَغْرِبِ، وَخَسْفٌ بِجَزِيرَةِ الْعَرَبِ، وَنَارًا تَخْرُجُ مِنْ قَعْرِ عدن تَسُوقُ النَّاسَ – أَوْ تَحْشُرُ النَّاسَ – تَبِيتُ مَعَهُمْ حَيْثُ بَاتُوا، وَتَقِيلُ مَعَهُمْ حَيْثُ قَالُوا

“The Hour will not come until you see ten signs. The rising of the sun from the west; the smoke; the beast; the emergence of Ya’juj and Ma’juj; the appearance of ‘Isa bin Maryam; the Dajjal; three cases of the earth collapsing – one in the east, one in the west, and one in the Arabian Peninsula; and a fire which will emerge from the bottom of Aden and will drive the people – or gather the people – stopping with them when they stop to sleep at night or rest during the day.)” This was recorded only by Muslim in his Sahih.”

فَارْتَقِبْ يَوْمَ تَأْتِي السَّمَاءُ بِدُخَانٍ مُبِينٍ

(Then wait for you for the Day when the sky will bring forth a visible smoke.)”This indicates that the smoke is yet to appear. Ibn Sayyad was a fortune-teller who heard things through the Jinn, whose speech is unclear, therefore he said, “It is Ad-Dukh,” meaning Ad-Dukhan (the smoke). When the Messenger of Allah ﷺ was sure what was happening, that the source of his information was the Shayatin, he ﷺ said:

اخْسَأْ فَلَنْ تَعْدُوَ قَدْرَكَ

(Be off with you! You cannot get further than your rank.) There are numerous Marfu’ and Mawquf Hadiths, Sahih, Hasan, and others, which indicate that the smoke is one of the awaited signs (of the Hour). This is also the apparent meaning of Ayat in the Qur’an. Allah says:

فَارْتَقِبْ يَوْمَ تَأْتِي السَّمَاءُ بِدُخَانٍ مُبِينٍ

(Then wait for you for the Day when the sky will bring forth a visible smoke.) meaning, clearly visible, such that all people will see it. According to Ibn Mas’ud’s interpretation, this was a vision that they saw because of their intense hunger and exhaustion. He also interprets the Ayah

يَغْشَى النَّاسَ ۖ

(Covering mankind,) meaning, it covered them and overwhelmed them. But if it was only an illusion that happened to the idolaters of Makkah, Allah would not have said “covering mankind.”

هَٰذَا عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ

(this is a painful torment.) means, this will be said to them by way of rebuke. This is like the Ayah:

يَوْمَ يُدَعُّونَ إِلَىٰ نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ دَعًّا – هَٰذِهِ النَّارُ الَّتِي كُنْتُمْ بِهَا تُكَذِّبُونَ

(The Day when they will be pushed down by force to the fire of Hell, with a horrible, forceful pushing. This is the Fire that you used to deny.) (52:13-14). Or some of them will say that to others.

رَبَّنَا اكْشِفْ عَنَّا الْعَذَابَ إِنَّا مُؤْمِنُونَ

((They will say): “Our Lord! Remove the torment from us, really we shall become believers!”) means, when the disbelievers witness the punishment of Allah, they will ask for it to be taken away from them. This is like the Ayat:

وَلَوْ تَرَىٰ إِذْ وُقِفُوا عَلَى النَّارِ فَقَالُوا يَا لَيْتَنَا نُرَدُّ وَلَا نُكَذِّبَ بِآيَاتِ رَبِّنَا وَنَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

(If you could but see when they will be held over the (Hell) Fire! They will say: “Would that we were but sent back (to the world)! Then we would not deny the Ayat of our Lord, and we would be of the believers!”) (6:27)

وَأَنْذِرِ النَّاسَ يَوْمَ يَأْتِيهِمُ الْعَذَابُ فَيَقُولُ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا رَبَّنَا أَخِّرْنَا إِلَىٰ أَجَلٍ قَرِيبٍ نُجِبْ دَعْوَتَكَ وَنَتَّبِعِ الرُّسُلَ ۗ أَوَلَمْ تَكُونُوا أَقْسَمْتُمْ مِنْ قَبْلُ مَا لَكُمْ مِنْ زَوَالٍ

(And warn mankind of the Day when the torment will come unto them; then the wrongdoers will say: “Our Lord! Respite us for a little while, we will answer Your Call and follow the Messengers!” (It will be said): “Had you not sworn aforetime that you would not leave (the world for the Hereafter).) (14:44) Allah says here:

أَنَّىٰ لَهُمُ الذِّكْرَىٰ وَقَدْ جَاءَهُمْ رَسُولٌ مُبِينٌ – ثُمَّ تَوَلَّوْا عَنْهُ وَقَالُوا مُعَلَّمٌ مَجْنُونٌ

(How can there be for them an admonition, when a Messenger explaining things clearly has already come to them? Then they had turned away from him and said: “(He is) one taught, a madman!”) meaning, ‘what further admonition do they need when We have sent them a Messenger with a clear message and warning? Yet despite that, they turned away from him, opposed him, and rejected him, and they said: (He is) one taught (by a human being), a madman.

وَلَوْ تَرَىٰ إِذْ فَزِعُوا فَلَا فَوْتَ وَأُخِذُوا مِنْ مَكَانٍ قَرِيبٍ – وَقَالُوا آمَنَّا بِهِ وَأَنَّىٰ لَهُمُ التَّنَاوُشُ مِنْ مَكَانٍ بَعِيدٍ

(And if you could but see, when they will be terrified with no escape, and they will be seized from a near place. And they will say (in the Hereafter): “We do believe (now);” but how could they receive (faith and its acceptance by Allah) from a place so far off…) (34:51-52)

إِنَّا كَاشِفُو الْعَذَابِ قَلِيلًا ۚ إِنَّكُمْ عَائِدُونَ

(Verily, We shall remove the torment for a while. Verily, you will revert.) means, ‘if We were to remove the torment from you for a while, and send you back to the world, you would go back to your former state of disbelief and denial.’ This is like the Ayat:

وَلَوْ رَحِمْنَاهُمْ وَكَشَفْنَا مَا بِهِمْ مِنْ ضُرٍّ لَلَجُّوا فِي طُغْيَانِهِمْ يَعْمَهُونَ

(And though We had mercy on them and removed the distress which is on them, still they would obstinately persist in their transgression, wandering blindly.) (23:75)

وَلَوْ رُدُّوا لَعَادُوا لِمَا نُهُوا عَنْهُ وَإِنَّهُمْ لَكَاذِبُونَ

(But if they were returned (to the world), they would certainly revert to that which they were forbidden. And indeed they are liars) (6:28)

The Meaning of the “Great Batshah”

يَوْمَ نَبْطِشُ الْبَطْشَةَ الْكُبْرَىٰ إِنَّا مُنْتَقِمُونَ

(On the Day when We shall strike you with the great Batshah. Verily, We will exact retribution.)

Ibn Mas’ud interpreted this to mean the day of Badr.
surah Dukhan benefits
Reciting Surah Dukhan will erase the person’s sins, the prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said: “Whoever recites surah Dukhan at night, will be forgiven of his past sins.”

Protect us from the temptations of Satan, the prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said: “Whoever writes surah Dukhan and keeps it with himself, he will be safe from the guile and cunning of Satan. Moreover, if this surah is written and placed under one’s pillow, one will see sweet dreams and will be relieved of nightly anxiety.”

Abu Hurairah Narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said: “If anyone recites Hamim Dukhan any night, 70 thousand angels will ask forgiveness for him in the morning.”

Abu Umamah said: “I have heard the Messenger of God (peace and blessing be upon him) saying, “Whoever prays Surah Dukhan on the eve of Friday God makes for him a home in paradise.

Recite surah Dukhan on Thursday nights and Allah will forgive all your sins.

Imam Muhammad al-Baqir said: “whoever recites Surah ad-Dukhan in his faraa’idh (compulsory prayers) will be protected from the torment of the Day of Judgement and will easily be able to give his accounts. His book of deeds will also be given to him in his right hand.”

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Whoever recites Ha-Meem (Surah) al-Dukaan on the night before Friday will be forgiven.”

 Abu Umamah narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Whoever recites Ha-Meem (Surah) al-Dukhan on the night before Friday or on Friday, Allah will build for him a house in Paradise.”
Surah Dukhan summary
Surah Al-Dukhan was revealed to show the disbelievers that the Quran was revealed by Allah to the prophet on the night of Layl-tul-Qadr. Then the story of the Prophet Musa and Pharaoh were discussed to teach the disbelievers about what happened in the past and what will happen to them.

Then Allah tells the believers about what awaits them in paradise. The disbelievers denied the day of judgment and resurrection, as they said: “We have never seen anyone rising back to life after death. Raise our forefathers back to life if you are true in your claim about the life hereafter.” And the answer to this was: “This cannot be done to meet the demand of individuals; Allah has appointed a time when He will resurrect all mankind simultaneously and will subject them to accountability in His Court. If one has to protect oneself there, one should think about it here. For no one will be able to save himself there by his own power, nor by the power of anyone else.”

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