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Who is luqman in surah luqman? | Noor Academy

surah luqman
Luqman who is in surah Luqman is a pious person, who was granted wisdom, from him we learned many lessons, that we will discover in this article.

Surat Luqman is the surah number 31 in the holy Quran and the number 57 in the order of revelation. It was revealed to the prophet Muhammad while he was living in Mecca.  

 
Why was surah Luqman revealed?
Surah Luqman was revealed to teach Muslims many lessons, one important lesson is to be good to your parents even if they are from another religion. They are the ones who raised you and carried you in your weakness. You should always obey them and do, as they say, be nice to them, and love them. The only case that you’re not allowed to obey them is if they ask you to worship other gods.

Allah says in the holy Quran:

 “If your parents strive to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them but accompany them in [this] world with appropriate kindness and follow the way of those who turn back to Me [in repentance]. Then to Me will be your return, and I will inform you about what you used to do”.

 
what is surah Luqman about?
This Surah is known as “surah Luqman ya bunayya”, as in this surah, Luqman teaches his son many important lessons and gives him valuable advice.

The first lesson he gave to his son is to never worship another God but Allah. As stated, is the surah:
 “O my dear son! Never associate ˹anything˺ with Allah ˹in worship˺, for associating ˹others with Him˺ is truly the worst of all wrongs.”
He is telling his son that the worst sin is polytheism. This is just one of the many pieces of advice Luqman gave to his son.

The surah also states that Allah knows everything, the traits of the believers, the traits of the disbelievers, and the creation of the earth.

Major topics discussed in the surah:

  •       The Quran is sent to guide us, as it’s the book of wisdom.
  •       Luqman and his advice to his son.
  •       The parent’s right.
  •       Being kind and obeying your parents unless they tell you to commit shirk.

 
Where was surah Luqman revealed?
Ya bunayya surah Luqman was revealed to the prophet in Mecca. It’s the surah number 31 in the holy Quran with only 34 verses that are filled with many valuable lessons.

 
When was surah Luqman revealed?
Al Quran surah Luqman was revealed around the middle stages of the prophet’s residence n Mecca, around the same period surah ‘Ankabut was revealed. As they both discuss similar subject matters.
 
Why the surah was named Luqman?
The surah was named Luqman because it discusses the story of Luqman and the valuable advice he gave to his son. He was a wise and pious man. The first time his names appear in the surah was in verse number 12.
 وَلَقَدْ ءَاتَيْنَا لُقْمَـٰنَ ٱلْحِكْمَةَ أَنِ ٱشْكُرْ لِلَّهِ ۚ وَمَن يَشْكُرْ فَإِنَّمَا يَشْكُرُ لِنَفْسِهِۦ ۖ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ غَنِىٌّ حَمِيدٌۭ ١٢
“Indeed, We blessed Luqmân with wisdom, ˹saying˺, “Be grateful to Allah, for whoever is grateful, it is only for their own good. And whoever is ungrateful, then surely Allah is Self-Sufficient, Praiseworthy.”

 
What is the main theme of surah Luqman?
The main theme of Luqman surah includes:

  •       The Quran is sent to guide us, as it’s the book of wisdom.
  •       Luqman and his advice to his son.
  •       The parent’s right.
  •       Being kind and obeying your parents unless they tell you to commit shirk.

 

 
Is Surat Luqman Makki or Madani?
Surah e Luqman is a Makki Surah, it was revealed to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) while he was still living in Mecca.

 
In which Para is Surat Luqman?
Surah Luqman is in Para number 21, and it’s the surah number 31 in the holy Quran with only 34 verses.
How to memorize Surat Luqman?
To memorize surah Surat Luqman the first thing you should do is to read the full surah slowly. Then take the first verse and repeat it a couple of times, when you finish, try to recite it by heart. When you make it move to the second verse and repeat the process. When you finish memorizing it, try to recite the two verses by heart, and if you succeed go to the next verse, and when you finish the third verse recite the three verses by heart and do the same until you memorize the full surah.
Surah Luqman benefits.
It’s said that the one who recites surah Luqman will be a companion to Luqman on the Day of Judgment.  

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said: “Whoever recites surah Luqman will be the companion and friend of Luqman, and Allah will reward him ten times the number of those who enjoined the good and forbade evil.”

It is also said that when a person recites surat Luqman, 30 angels will protect him.

Abu Ja‘far Muhammad ibn Ali narrated: “ whoever recites surah Luqman every night, thirty angels will protect him from the evils of Satan and his troops. Likewise, if it is recited in the morning, they will protect the person until night.”

 

The Prophet also said that reciting it cures internal diseases, “If surah Luqman is written and then washed with water and the water is given to a man or woman who suffers from an internal disease, they will be cured.”
 
Hadith on surah e luqman.
The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said: “Whoever recites surah Luqman will be the companion and friend of Luqman, and Allah will reward him ten times the number of those who enjoined the good and forbade evil.”

 

Abu Ja‘far Muhammad ibn Ali narrated: “ whoever recites surah Luqman every night, thirty angels will protect him from the evils of Satan and his troops. Likewise, if it is recited in the morning, they will protect the person until night.”

 
Surah Luqman lessons.
Here are the lessons we learn from Surah Luqman from the verses themselves:

 
وَإِذْ قَالَ لُقْمَـٰنُ لِٱبْنِهِۦ وَهُوَ يَعِظُهُۥ يَـٰبُنَىَّ لَا تُشْرِكْ بِٱللَّهِ ۖ إِنَّ ٱلشِّرْكَ لَظُلْمٌ عَظِيمٌۭ ١٣
And ˹remember˺ when Luqmân said to his son while advising him, “O my dear son! Never associate ˹anything˺ with Allah ˹in worship˺, for associating ˹others with Him˺ is truly the worst of all wrongs.”

 
وَوَصَّيْنَا ٱلْإِنسَـٰنَ بِوَٰلِدَيْهِ حَمَلَتْهُ أُمُّهُۥ وَهْنًا عَلَىٰ وَهْنٍۢ وَفِصَـٰلُهُۥ فِى عَامَيْنِ أَنِ ٱشْكُرْ لِى وَلِوَٰلِدَيْكَ إِلَىَّ ٱلْمَصِيرُ ١٤
And We have commanded people to ˹honour˺ their parents. Their mothers bore them through hardship upon hardship, and their weaning takes two years. So be grateful to Me and your parents. To Me is the final return.

 
وَإِن جَـٰهَدَاكَ عَلَىٰٓ أَن تُشْرِكَ بِى مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهِۦ عِلْمٌۭ فَلَا تُطِعْهُمَا ۖ وَصَاحِبْهُمَا فِى ٱلدُّنْيَا مَعْرُوفًۭا ۖ وَٱتَّبِعْ سَبِيلَ مَنْ أَنَابَ إِلَىَّ ۚ ثُمَّ إِلَىَّ مَرْجِعُكُمْ فَأُنَبِّئُكُم بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ ١٥
But if they pressure you to associate with Me what you have no knowledge of, do not obey them. Still keep their company in this world courteously, and follow the way of those who turn to Me ˹in devotion˺. Then to Me you will ˹all˺ return, and then I will inform you of what you used to do.

 
يَـٰبُنَىَّ إِنَّهَآ إِن تَكُ مِثْقَالَ حَبَّةٍۢ مِّنْ خَرْدَلٍۢ فَتَكُن فِى صَخْرَةٍ أَوْ فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٰتِ أَوْ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ يَأْتِ بِهَا ٱللَّهُ ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَطِيفٌ خَبِيرٌۭ ١٦
˹Luqmân  added,˺ “O my dear son! ˹Even˺ if a deed were the weight of a mustard seed—be it ˹hidden˺ in a rock or in the heavens or the earth—Allah will bring it forth. Surely Allah is Most Subtle, All-Aware.

 
يَـٰبُنَىَّ أَقِمِ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَأْمُرْ بِٱلْمَعْرُوفِ وَٱنْهَ عَنِ ٱلْمُنكَرِ وَٱصْبِرْ عَلَىٰ مَآ أَصَابَكَ ۖ إِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ مِنْ عَزْمِ ٱلْأُمُورِ ١٧
“O my dear son! Establish prayer, encourage what is good and forbid what is evil, and endure patiently whatever befalls you. Surely this is a resolve to aspire to.

 
وَلَا تُصَعِّرْ خَدَّكَ لِلنَّاسِ وَلَا تَمْشِ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ مَرَحًا ۖ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ كُلَّ مُخْتَالٍۢ فَخُورٍۢ ١٨
“And do not turn your nose up to people, nor walk pridefully upon the earth. Surely Allah does not like whoever is arrogant, boastful.

 
وَٱقْصِدْ فِى مَشْيِكَ وَٱغْضُضْ مِن صَوْتِكَ ۚ إِنَّ أَنكَرَ ٱلْأَصْوَٰتِ لَصَوْتُ ٱلْحَمِيرِ ١٩
Be moderate in your pace. And lower your voice, for the ugliest of all voices is certainly the braying of donkeys.”

 

1- The first lesson is to not commit shirk, meaning, not to worship other gods but Allah. Shirk is the worst sin that a person can commit.

2- The second lesson is to be good to your parents, and be nice to them. Your mom went through a lot of hardships just to bring you into this world. You should obey your parents, be nice to them and try your best to make them happy. The only case that you shouldn’t obey them is if they asked you to worship another god but Allah or if they wanted you to commit sins.

3- Allah knows everything that we do in life, no matter how small the bad deed we did is, Allah knows about it.

4- Luqman instructed his son to pray and do good deeds, to stay away from committing sins or bad deeds, and to be patient and have faith that no matter what happens in life it is for a good reason.

5- Then he tells his son to be humble, not arrogant, and to be kind to others. Even in the way we walk we should be humble.  

6- Luqman also tells his son to lower his voice. As raising our voices is a bad manner.  

 
Surah Luqman Tafseer
Here’s the tafsir of the first verses of surah Luqman:

الٓمٓ ١

Alif-Lãm-Mĩm.

تِلْكَ ءَايَـٰتُ ٱلْكِتَـٰبِ ٱلْحَكِيمِ ٢

These are the verses of the Book, rich in wisdom.

هُدًۭى وَرَحْمَةًۭ لِّلْمُحْسِنِينَ ٣

˹It is˺ a guide and mercy for the good-doers—

ٱلَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ ٱلزَّكَوٰةَ وَهُم بِٱلْـَٔاخِرَةِ هُمْ يُوقِنُونَ ٤

those who establish prayer, pay alms-tax, and have sure faith in the Hereafter.

أُو۟لَـٰٓئِكَ عَلَىٰ هُدًۭى مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ ۖ وَأُو۟لَـٰٓئِكَ هُمُ ٱلْمُفْلِحُونَ ٥

It is they who are ˹truly˺ guided by their Lord, and it is they who will be successful.    

وَمِنَ ٱلنَّاسِ مَن يَشْتَرِى لَهْوَ ٱلْحَدِيثِ لِيُضِلَّ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍۢ وَيَتَّخِذَهَا هُزُوًا ۚ أُو۟لَـٰٓئِكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌۭ مُّهِينٌۭ ٦

But there are some who employ theatrics,1 only to lead others away from Allah’s Way—without any knowledge—and to make a mockery of it. They will suffer a humiliating punishment.

وَإِذَا تُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِ ءَايَـٰتُنَا وَلَّىٰ مُسْتَكْبِرًۭا كَأَن لَّمْ يَسْمَعْهَا كَأَنَّ فِىٓ أُذُنَيْهِ وَقْرًۭا ۖ فَبَشِّرْهُ بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ ٧

Whenever Our revelations are recited to them, they turn away in arrogance as if they did not hear them, as if there is deafness in their ears. So give them good news ˹O Prophet˺ of a painful punishment.

إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ وَعَمِلُوا۟ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَـٰتِ لَهُمْ جَنَّـٰتُ ٱلنَّعِيمِ ٨

Surely those who believe and do good will have the Gardens of Bliss,

خَـٰلِدِينَ فِيهَا ۖ وَعْدَ ٱللَّهِ حَقًّۭا ۚ وَهُوَ ٱلْعَزِيزُ ٱلْحَكِيمُ ٩

staying there forever. Allah’s promise is true. And He is the Almighty, All-Wise.

  •       Tafseer of the surah:

 

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَشْتَرِى لَهْوَ الْحَدِيثِ لِيُضِلَّ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ

(And of mankind is he who purchases Lahu Al-Hadith to mislead (men) from the path of Allah), he said, “This — by Allah — refers to singing.”

 

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَشْتَرِى لَهْوَ الْحَدِيثِ لِيُضِلَّ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ

(And of mankind is he who purchases Lahw Al-Hadith to mislead (men) from the path of Allah without knowledge, ) Qatadah said: “By Allah, he may not spend money on it, but his purchasing it means he likes it, and the more misguided he is, the more he likes it and the more he prefers falsehood to the truth and harmful things over beneficial things.” It was said that what is meant by the words

يَشْتَرِى لَهْوَ الْحَدِيثِ

(purchases idle talks) is buying singing servant girls. Ibn Jarir said that it means all speech that hinders people from seeing the signs of Allah and following His path. His saying:

 

لِيُضِلَّ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ

(to mislead (men) from the path of Allah) means he does this to oppose Islam and its followers.

 

وَيَتَّخِذَهَا هُزُواً

(and takes it by way of mockery.) Mujahid said, “This means mocking the path of Allah and making fun of it.”

 

أُوْلَـئِكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُّهِينٌ

(For such there will be a humiliating torment.) Just as they showed no respect to the signs and path of Allah, so they will be shown no respect on the Day of Resurrection, and they will be subjected to a painful, ongoing torment. Then Allah says:

 

وَإِذَا تُتْلَى عَلَيْهِ ءَايَـتُنَا وَلَّى مُسْتَكْبِراً كَأَن لَّمْ يَسْمَعْهَا كَأَنَّ فِى أُذُنَيْهِ وَقْراً

(And when Our Ayat are recited to such a one, he turns away in pride as if he heard them not — as if there were deafness in his ear.) this means, when these Qur’anic verses are recited to one who is fond of idleness and play, he turns away from them and does not want to hear them. He turns a deaf ear to them as if he can hear nothing because it annoys him to hear them since he gains no benefit from them and has no interest in them.

 

فَبَشِّرْهُ بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ

(So announce to him a painful torment.) i.e., on the Day of Resurrection, which will hurt him just as much as listening to the Book of Allah and its verses hurt him.

 

لَهُمْ جَنَّـتُ النَّعِيمِ

(for them are Gardens of Delight.) means, there they will enjoy all kinds of delights and pleasures, food, drink, clothing, dwelling-places, means of transportation, women, a light of beauty and delightful sounds, which have never crossed the mind of any human being. They will stay there forever, never leaving and never desiring change.

 

وَعْدَ اللَّهِ حَقًّا

(It is a promise of Allah in truth.) meaning, this will undoubtedly come to pass, for it is a promise from Allah, and Allah never breaks His promise, because He is the Most Generous Bestower Who does what He wills and is able to do all things.

 

وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ

(And He is the All-Mighty,) Who has subjugated all things and to Whom all things submit,

 

الْحَكِيمُ

(the All-Wise.) in what He says and what He does, Who has made this Qur’an a guidance to the believers.

 

قُلْ هُوَ لِلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ هُدًى وَشِفَآءٌ وَالَّذِينَ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ فِى ءَاذَانِهِمْ وَقْرٌ وَهُوَ عَلَيْهِمْ عَمًى

(Say: “It is for those who believe, a guide and a healing. And as for those who disbelieve, there is heaviness (deafness) in their ears, and it is blindness for them) (41:44).

 

وَنُنَزِّلُ مِنَ الْقُرْءَانِ مَا هُوَ شِفَآءٌ وَرَحْمَةٌ لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَلاَ يَزِيدُ الظَّـلِمِينَ إَلاَّ خَسَارًا

(And We send down of the Qur’an that which is a healing and a mercy to those who believe, and it increases the wrongdoers nothing but loss.) (17:82)

 
Surah Luqman summary
Luqman teaches his son many important lessons and gives him valuable advice.

The first lesson he gave to his son is to never worship another God but Allah. As stated, in the surah:

 “O my dear son! Never associate ˹anything˺ with Allah ˹in worship˺, for associating ˹others with Him˺ is truly the worst of all wrongs.”

He is telling his son that the worst sin is polytheism. This is just one of the many pieces of advice Luqman gave to his son.

He also advises him to be good to his parents, and be nice to them. Your mom went through a lot of hardships just to bring you into this world. You should obey your parents, be nice to them and try your best to make them happy. The only case that you shouldn’t obey them is if they asked you to worship another god but Allah or if they wanted you to commit sins.

Telling his son that Allah knows everything that we do in life, no matter how small the bad deed we did is, Allah knows about it.

Luqman instructed his son to pray and do good deeds, to stay away from committing sins or bad deeds, and to be patient and have faith that no matter what happens in life it is for a good reason. Then he tells his son to be humble, not arrogant, and to be kind to others. Even in the way we walk we should be humble. 

The surah also states that Allah knows everything, the traits of the believers, the traits of the disbelievers, and the creation of the earth.

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