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What is surah Maidah about? | Noor Academy

surah Maidah
In this article, we will talk about the Surah Maidah ( Arabic: سورة المائدة )  theme, the time of revelation, and everything you need to know about it.

 Why was surah Maidah revealed?

Al Maidah surah was revealed to teach Muslims about important Islamic concepts like beliefs and laws. Additionally, it contains the story of the prophet Moses and Bani Israel, Abel and Cain, and the Maidah.  
Where was surah Maidah revealed?
Surah al Maidah was revealed in Madinah. It is the surah number 5 with 120 verses.
When was surah Maidah revealed?
Surah Al-Ma’idah was revealed after the treaty of Hudaibiyah around the end of 6 A.H.

 Why the surah was named Al-Ma’idah?

The surah was named Al-Ma’idah based on verse number 15 in this surah which talks about the great table of food that was sent from the heavens to the prophet Jesus and his people.
What is the main theme of surah al Maidah?
The main theme of the Maidah Surah includes the following:

1-     The Surah talks about the great miracles of the prophet Jesus, one of them is the Maida that his people asked for.   

2-     The food that is halal to eat and which food shouldn’t be eaten.

3-     The surah states how justice should be.

4-     Surah Maida discuss the matter of hajj and wudu.

 In which para is surah Al-Ma’idah?

surah al ma idah is in the Para number 7, and its total number of verses is 120.
How to memorize surah Al-Ma’idah?
To memorize surah Maidah the first thing you should do is to read the full surah slowly. Then take the first verse and repeat it a couple of times, when you finish, try to recite it by heart. When you make it move to the second verse and repeat the process. When you finish memorizing it, try to recite the two verses by heart, and if you succeed go to the next verse, and when you finish the third verse recite the three verses by heart and do the same until you memorize the full surah.
Surah maidah benefits.
surah al-Maidah has many benefits to the one who reads it, and here are some of them:

1-     Reciting verse number 54 will maintain the love and care between the family members.

2-     Reciting the surah will grant the reciter Allah’s forgiveness if recited daily.

3-     Allah adds 10 good deeds and removes 10 bad deeds from the one who recites Surah Maida, and it will bring the reciter closer to Allah ten times.

4-     Reciting the surah every Thursday protect the reciter from doing anything bad or ‘Shirk’.

5-     Abu Ja‘far Muhammad ibn Ali said, “Whoever recites surah Maidah every Thursday, his faith shall not be veiled by injustice and crime, and he shall associate no one with his Lord.”

6-     Abu Abdullah Ja‘far ibn Muhammad said, “Whoever writes surah Maidah with faith, sincere intention, and while paying attention to Allah and the meaning of its verses, and puts it inside a chest inside the house, what is inside it will be safe from being stolen.”

  Lessons to learn from Surah Al-Ma’idah.

Here are some of the lessons that you can learn from Surah Al-Maidah:

  •       We must eat only halal food.
  •       As Muslims, we must respect other religions and not force anyone to convert to Islam.
  •       To always fulfill our promises whether to Muslims or non-Muslims.
  •       The one who doesn’t fulfill his promises is called a hypocrite.
  •       People in the condition of Ihram are forbidden from hunting.
  •       Respect the Haram.
  •       Believe in Allah and follow his commands.

The story behind Surah Maidah
Surah Maidah is the surah number five in the holy Quran, that was revealed to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) when he was in the Madinah. The story was named Al-Ma’idah after the story of the prophet Jesus and his people who told him to ask Allah to send them a Maidah (a table full of food) from heaven.

The surah discusses many topics and issues one of them is wilayah which means guardianship of Allah, His Prophet, and the one who gave zakat while bowing down in prayer.

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Hadith on surah al Maidah
Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him) said, “Whoever recites surah Maidah will be given ten rewards for every Jew and Christian who have breathed in this world, ten sins will be wiped out from his book of deeds, and Allah will raise his station ten degrees.”
Surah Maidah summary
The surah talks about many issues one of them is that we must fulfill our promises and abide by them. Furthermore, Allah gave us rules on the way we should live our lives like justice, don’t commit sins and do good deeds, the Cleanliness o the body. Additionally, not to oppress anyone to do something even converting to Islam.

Also, Surah Al-Maida discusses the story of the two children of Adam, it shows us how people could lose their way due to jealousy and that it might lead to hurting each other or even killing one another.

 Key verses of Surah Maidah.
٦  يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا قُمْتُمْ إِلَى الصَّلَاةِ فَاغْسِلُوا وُجُوهَكُمْ وَأَيْدِيَكُمْ إِلَى الْمَرَافِقِ وَامْسَحُوا بِرُءُوسِكُمْ وَأَرْجُلَكُمْ إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ ۚ وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ جُنُبًا فَاطَّهَّرُوا ۚ وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ مَرْضَىٰ أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ أَوْ جَاءَ أَحَدٌ مِنْكُمْ مِنَ الْغَائِطِ أَوْ لَامَسْتُمُ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمْ تَجِدُوا مَاءً فَتَيَمَّمُوا صَعِيدًا طَيِّبًا فَامْسَحُوا بِوُجُوهِكُمْ وَأَيْدِيكُمْ مِنْهُ ۚ مَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيَجْعَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنْ حَرَجٍ وَلَٰكِنْ يُرِيدُ لِيُطَهِّرَكُمْ وَلِيُتِمَّ نِعْمَتَهُ عَلَيْكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ

6  O you who have believed, when you rise to [perform] prayer, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows and wipe over your heads and wash your feet to the ankles. And if you are in a state of janabah, then purify yourselves. But if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself or you have contacted women and do not find water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and hands with it. Allah does not intend to make difficulty for you, but He intends to purify you and complete His favor upon you that you may be grateful.

٣٢  مِنْ أَجْلِ ذَٰلِكَ كَتَبْنَا عَلَىٰ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنَّهُ مَنْ قَتَلَ نَفْسًا بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ أَوْ فَسَادٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَتَلَ النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا وَمَنْ أَحْيَاهَا فَكَأَنَّمَا أَحْيَا النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا ۚ وَلَقَدْ جَاءَتْهُمْ رُسُلُنَا بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ ثُمَّ إِنَّ كَثِيرًا مِنْهُمْ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ فِي الْأَرْضِ لَمُسْرِفُونَ

32  Because of that, We decreed upon the Children of Israel that whoever kills a soul unless for a soul or for corruption [done] in the land – it is as if he had slain mankind entirely. And whoever saves one – it is as if he had saved mankind entirely. And our messengers had certainly come to them with clear proofs. Then indeed many of them, [even] after that, throughout the land, were transgressors.

٣٣  إِنَّمَا جَزَاءُ الَّذِينَ يُحَارِبُونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَيَسْعَوْنَ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَسَادًا أَنْ يُقَتَّلُوا أَوْ يُصَلَّبُوا أَوْ تُقَطَّعَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَأَرْجُلُهُمْ مِنْ خِلَافٍ أَوْ يُنْفَوْا مِنَ الْأَرْضِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ لَهُمْ خِزْيٌ فِي الدُّنْيَا ۖ وَلَهُمْ فِي الْآخِرَةِ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ

33  Indeed, the penalty for those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger and strive upon earth [to cause] corruption is none but that they are killed or crucified or that their hands and feet be cut off from opposite sides or that they be exiled from the land. That is for them a disgrace in this world, and for them in the Hereafter is a great punishment,

٤٥  وَكَتَبْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ فِيهَا أَنَّ النَّفْسَ بِالنَّفْسِ وَالْعَيْنَ بِالْعَيْنِ وَالْأَنْفَ بِالْأَنْفِ وَالْأُذُنَ بِالْأُذُنِ وَالسِّنَّ بِالسِّنِّ وَالْجُرُوحَ قِصَاصٌ ۚ فَمَنْ تَصَدَّقَ بِهِ فَهُوَ كَفَّارَةٌ لَهُ ۚ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَحْكُمْ بِمَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ

45  And We ordained for them therein a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth, and for wounds is legal retribution. But whoever gives [up his right as] charity, it is an expiation for him. And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed – then it is those who are the wrongdoers.

٥١  يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا الْيَهُودَ وَالنَّصَارَىٰ أَوْلِيَاءَ ۘ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءُ بَعْضٍ ۚ وَمَنْ يَتَوَلَّهُمْ مِنْكُمْ فَإِنَّهُ مِنْهُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ

51  O you who have believed, do not take the Jews and the Christians as allies. They are [in fact] allies of one another. And whoever is an ally to them among you – then indeed, he is [one] of them. Indeed, Allah guides not the wrongdoing people.

٨٢  لَتَجِدَنَّ أَشَدَّ النَّاسِ عَدَاوَةً لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا الْيَهُودَ وَالَّذِينَ أَشْرَكُوا ۖ وَلَتَجِدَنَّ أَقْرَبَهُمْ مَوَدَّةً لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا الَّذِينَ قَالُوا إِنَّا نَصَارَىٰ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّ مِنْهُمْ قِسِّيسِينَ وَرُهْبَانًا وَأَنَّهُمْ لَا يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ

82  You will surely find the most intense of the people in animosity toward the believers [to be] the Jews and those who associate others with Allah, and you will find the nearest of them in affection to the believers those who say, “We are Christians.” That is because among them are priests and monks and because they are not arrogant.

١٠٠  قُلْ لَا يَسْتَوِي الْخَبِيثُ وَالطَّيِّبُ وَلَوْ أَعْجَبَكَ كَثْرَةُ الْخَبِيثِ ۚ فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ يَا أُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ

100  Say, “Not equal are the evil and good, although the abundance of evil might impress you.” So fear Allah, O you of understanding, that you may be successful.


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