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Why was surah Qamar revealed? | Noor Academy

surah Qamar
Why was surah Qamar revealed? Surah Qamar is the surah that talks about the great miracle of splitting the moon that occurred during the prophet’s residence in Makkah.

It was revealed because the people of Mecca were saying that the prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) is not a prophet sent by Allah. they asked the Messenger of Allah to show them evidence of his prophethood. That is when the moon splitting happened.
What is surah Qamar about?
Surah Al-Qamar discusses the incident of the moon splitting. That amazing miracle occurred before the hijra to Madina by five years. Allah revealed this surah to the prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) to warn the people. The first verse of the surah says:
ٱقْتَرَبَتِ ٱلسَّاعَةُ وَٱنشَقَّ ٱلْقَمَرُ ١
The Hour has drawn near and the moon was split ˹in two˺.

But even though they saw the splitting of the moon miracle they didn’t believe the prophet. Therefore, Allah revealed this surah to show the prophet that over the years people kept disbelieving the prophets.

In the surah, Allah mentioned the story of the prophet Noah and his people, and how they mistreated him and didn’t believe him. In the end, Allah punished them.

Allah said in the holy Quran:
 كَذَّبَتْ قَبْلَهُمْ قَوْمُ نُوحٍۢ فَكَذَّبُوا۟ عَبْدَنَا وَقَالُوا۟ مَجْنُونٌۭ وَٱزْدُجِرَ ٩
“Before them, the people of Noah denied ˹the truth˺ and rejected Our servant, calling ˹him˺ insane. And he was intimidated.”

The story of the people of prophet Noah was mentioned as a warning for the disbelievers. To show them what happened to the disbelievers in the past.

The surah also tells the story of the prophet Ad and his people and how Allah punished them:
 كَذَّبَتْ عَادٌۭ فَكَيْفَ كَانَ عَذَابِى وَنُذُرِ ١٨
“’Ȃd ˹also˺ rejected ˹the truth˺. Then how ˹dreadful˺ were My punishment and warnings!”

Also, the story of the prophet Lot and his people were mentioned in Surah Qamar. At the end of the surah, Allah shows the disbelievers what will happen to them on the day of judgment. And shows the believers what they will be rewarded with.

There’s also a verse that is repeated in the surah to show that the Quran is sent to us to read and learn from it. Allah says:
وَلَقَدْ يَسَّرْنَا ٱلْقُرْءَانَ لِلذِّكْرِ فَهَلْ مِن مُّدَّكِرٍۢ ٤٠
“And We have certainly made the Quran easy to remember. So is there anyone who will be mindful?”
Where was surah Qamar revealed?
Surah Qamar was revealed to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) during his residence in Makkah.
When was surah Qamar revealed?
Al-Qamar surah was revealed to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) during his residence in Makkah. It was before the Hijrah around the fifth year of prophethood.
Why the surah was named al Qamar?
The surah was named al Qamar after its first verse. Allah says in the surah:
ٱقْتَرَبَتِ ٱلسَّاعَةُ وَٱنشَقَّ ٱلْقَمَرُ ١
The Hour has drawn near and the moon was split ˹in two˺.
What is the main theme of surah al Qamar?
The main theme of surah Qamar is the splitting of the moon and how the disbelievers didn’t believe the prophet (peace and blessing be upon him). And the stories of the prophets and how their people denied the truth and Allah punished them for that.
Is surah Qamar Makki or Madani?
Surah al Qamar is a Makki surah that was revealed to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) during his residence in Makkah.
In which para is surah al Qamar?
Al Qamar surah is in the Para number 27. It is a short surah with 55 verses that mentions the great miracle of the moon split. In addition to the stories of the prophets and their people.   
How to memorize surah al Qamar?
To memorize surah e Qamar the first thing you should do is to read the full surah slowly. Then take the first verse and repeat it a couple of times, when you finish, try to recite it by heart. When you make it move to the second verse and repeat the process. When you finish memorizing it, try to recite the two verses by heart, and if you succeed go to the next verse, and when you finish the third verse recite the three verses by heart and do the same until you memorize the full surah.
Surah al-Qamar benefits.
There are many virtues and benefits of reciting Surah Al-Qamar, here are some of them:

It is said that the person who recites Surat Qamar will shine like the full moon on the Day of judgment.

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq said: “the one who recites this Surah will have a mount from Jannah on which he will sit when he wakes from his grave.”
Surah Qamar Tafseer.
Here is the tafsir of the first verses of Qamar surah:

“The Hour draws near; the cleaving of the Moon”

 Allah informs us about the approach of the Last Hour and the imminent end and demise of the world,
 ﴿وَانشَقَّ الْقَمَرُ﴾
(and the moon has been cleft asunder.) It occurred during the time of Allah’s Messenger, according to the authentic Mutawatir Hadiths the scholars agree that the moon was cleft asunder during the lifetime of the Prophet, and it was among the clear miracles that Allah gave him. Hadiths mention that the Moon was split

 The Narration of Anas bin Malik

Imam Ahmad recorded that Anas bin Malik said, “The people of Makkah asked the Prophet for a miracle and the moon was split into two parts in Makkah. Allah said,
 ﴿اقْتَرَبَتِ السَّاعَةُ وَانشَقَّ الْقَمَرُ ﴾
(The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft asunder.)” Muslims also collected this Hadith. Al-Bukhari recorded that Anas bin Malik said, “The people of Makkah asked the Messenger of Allah to produce a miracle, and he showed them the splitting of the moon into two parts until they saw (the mount of) Hira’ between them.”
 ﴿اقْتَرَبَتِ السَّاعَةُ وَانشَقَّ الْقَمَرُ ﴾
(The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft asunder.) “This occurred during the time of Allah’s Messenger ; the moon was split in two parts. A part of it was before the mount and a part on the other side. The Prophet said,
«اللْهُمَّ اشْهَد»
(O Allah! Be a witness.)” This is the narration that Muslims and At-Tirmidhi collected. At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Sahih.”

 
﴿وَإِن يَرَوْاْ ءَايَةً﴾
(And if they see an Ayah), if they see proof, evidence, and a sign,

 
﴿يُعْرِضُواْ﴾
(they turn away), they do not believe in it. Rather, they turn away from it, abandoning it behind their backs,

 
﴿وَيَقُولُواْ سِحْرٌ مُّسْتَمِرٌّ﴾
(and say: “This is magic, Mustamir.”) They say, `the sign that we saw was magic, which was cast on us.’ Mustamir, means, `will soon go away, according to Mujahid, Qatadah, and several others. The Quraysh said that the cleaving of the moon was false and will soon diminish and fade away,

 
﴿وَكَذَّبُواْ وَاتَّبَعُواْ أَهْوَآءَهُمْ﴾
(They denied and followed their own lusts.), they rejected the truth when it came to them, following the ignorance and foolishness that their lusts and desires called them to. Allah’s statement,

 
﴿وَكُلُّ أَمْرٍ مُّسْتَقِرٌّ﴾
(And every matter will be settled.) means, that good deeds will take their doers to all that is good and righteous, and similarly evil deeds will take their doers to all that is evil, according to Qatadah, while Ibn Jurayj said, “will settle according to its people.” Mujahid commented on the meaning of,

 
﴿وَكُلُّ أَمْرٍ مُّسْتَقِرٌّ﴾
(And every matter will be settled.) by saying, “On the Day of Resurrection.” Allah’s statement,

 
﴿وَلَقَدْ جَاءَهُمْ مِنَ الْأَنْبَاءِ ﴾
(And indeed there has come to them news); in this Qur’an, there has come to them the news of the earlier nations that disbelieved in their Messengers and the torment, punishment, and affliction that befell them,

 
﴿مَا فِيهِ مُزْدَجَرٌ﴾
(wherein there is Muzdajar), wherein there are warnings and lessons to stop them from idolatry and persisting in denial,

 
﴿حِكْمَةٌ بَـلِغَةٌ﴾
(Perfect wisdom,) in that Allah guides whomever He wills and misguides whomever He wills,

 
﴿فَمَا تُغْنِـى النُّذُرُ﴾
(but warners benefit them not.) but the preaching of warnings does not benefit those upon whom Allah has written misery and sealed their hearts. Who can guide such people after Allah This Ayah is similar to Allah’s statements,

 
﴿قُلْ فَلِلَّهِ الْحُجَّةُ الْبَـلِغَةُ فَلَوْ شَآءَ لَهَدَاكُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ ﴾
(Say: “With Allah is the perfect proof and argument; had He so willed, He would indeed have guided you all.”)(6:149) and,
 ﴿وَمَا تُغْنِى الآيَـتُ وَالنُّذُرُ عَن قَوْمٍ لاَّ يُؤْمِنُونَ﴾
(But neither Ayat nor warners benefit those who believe not.)(10:101)
Hadith on surah al Qamar.
Ubaidullah bin Abdullah bin Utbah bin Masoud narrated: “Umar bin Al-Khattab asked Abu Waqid Al-Laithi: What was the Messenger of Allah?

May Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, recite during Al-Fitr and Al-Adha. He said: He used to recite “Q and the Glorious Qur’an” and “The Hour has approached and the moon has split.”

 

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq said: “the one who recites this Surah will have a mount from Jannah on which he will sit when he wakes from his grave.”

 Surah Qamar summary

Allah revealed surah Al Qamar to the prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) to warn the people. The first verse of the surah says:

ٱقْتَرَبَتِ ٱلسَّاعَةُ وَٱنشَقَّ ٱلْقَمَرُ ١

The Hour has drawn near and the moon was split ˹in two˺.

But even though they saw the splitting of the moon miracle they didn’t believe the prophet. Therefore, Allah revealed this surah to show the prophet that over the years people kept disbelieving the prophets.

In the surah, Allah mentioned the story of the prophet Noah and his people, and how they mistreated him and didn’t believe him. In the end, Allah punished them.

Allah said in the holy Quran:

۞ كَذَّبَتْ قَبْلَهُمْ قَوْمُ نُوحٍۢ فَكَذَّبُوا۟ عَبْدَنَا وَقَالُوا۟ مَجْنُونٌۭ وَٱزْدُجِرَ ٩

“Before them, the people of Noah denied ˹the truth˺ and rejected Our servant, calling ˹him˺ insane. And he was intimidated.”

The story of the people of prophet Noah was mentioned as a warning for the disbelievers. To show them what happened to the disbelievers in the past.

The surah also tells the story of the prophet Ad and his people and how Allah punished them:

 كَذَّبَتْ عَادٌۭ فَكَيْفَ كَانَ عَذَابِى وَنُذُرِ ١٨

“’Ȃd ˹also˺ rejected ˹the truth˺. Then how ˹dreadful˺ were My punishment and warnings!”

Also, the story of the prophet Lot and his people were mentioned in Surah Qamar. At the end of the surah, Allah shows the disbelievers what will happen to them on the day of judgment. And shows the believers what they will be rewarded with.

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