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What is surah sajdah about? | Noor Academy

surah sajdah
What is surah sajdah about?  In this article, we will learn everything about surah sajdah, why it was revealed, when, where, how to memorize it, and much more, let’s get started.  

What is surah sajdah about? Surah Al-Sajdah talks about the day of judgment and resurrection, in addition to what will the believers be rewarded with, and the fate of the disbelievers. This surah strengthens a person’s faith and belief in the day of judgment.  
Why was surah sajdah revealed?
Al sajdah surah was revealed to show the people that they will be resurrected on the day of judgment to be judged for all their deeds, whether good or bad. Moreover, it shows the believers what they will be rewarded with for believing in Allah and his prophets. Additionally, it warns the disbelievers of their fate.
Where was surah sajdah revealed?
Surah As-Sajdah was revealed to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) in Mecca.
When was surah sajdah revealed?
Surat al sajdah was revealed to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) during the initial stages of revelation. It is the surah number 75 in order of revelation, and number 32 in the holy Quran, with only 30 verses.
Why the surah was named As-Sajdah?
The surah took its name from the verse number 15, which says:

إِنَّمَا يُؤْمِنُ بِـَٔايَـٰتِنَا ٱلَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِّرُوا۟ بِهَا خَرُّوا۟ سُجَّدًۭا وَسَبَّحُوا۟ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّهِمْ وَهُمْ لَا يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ ۩ ١٥

“The only ˹true˺ believers in Our revelation are those who—when it is recited to them—fall into prostration and glorify the praises of their Lord and are not too proud.”
What is the main theme of surah as sajdah?
There are many topics discussed in surah Sajdah, and here are the main issues discussed:

  •       People will be resurrected on the day of judgment and will be judged for everything they did in their lives.
  •       The fate of the believers and disbelievers.
  •       When the day of judgment comes, the disbelievers will believe in Allah but this will not change anything, as Allah warned them in the holy Quran.
  •       The believers will be rewarded by the heavens for all the good things they did for Allah.
  •       There is a special reward for those who forsake their beds and invoke their Rabb with fear and hope.
  •       The holy Quran is similar to the book which was given to the prophet Musa.

 Is surah as sajdah Makki or Madani?

surah as sajdah is a Makki Surah, it was revealed to the prophet when he was still at Mecca.
In which para is surah as sajdah?
surah sejadah is in Para number 21.
How to memorize surah sajdah?
To memorize surah e sajdah the first thing you should do is to read the full surah slowly. Then take the first verse and repeat it a couple of times, when you finish, try to recite it by heart. When you make it move to the second verse and repeat the process. When you finish memorizing it, try to recite the two verses by heart, and if you succeed go to the next verse, and when you finish the third verse recite the three verses by heart and do the same until you memorize the full surah.
When to read surah sajdah?
You can recite surah ha meem sajdah at any time.

Ka’ab narrated, “Whoever recites Surah As-Sajdah and Surah Al-Mulk at night, seventy good deeds will be written for him, his seventy sins will be erased and his status will be raised by seventy degrees.”
Surah sajdah benefits
Our beloved prophet said: “whoever recites surah Sajdah, it is as though he has kept vigil on the Night of Qadr.”

Abu Abdullah Ja‘far ibn Muhammad said, “Whoever recites surah Sajdah on the eves of Friday, Allah will give his book of deeds in his right hand. He will not be brought to account and He will make him one of the companions of the Noble Prophet and his household.”

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, “Whoever writes surah Sajdah and keeps it with himself, he will become immune to fever, headache, and joint pain.”
Hadith on surah as sajdah.
Here are some of the hadiths about sajdah surah:

Musaib ibn Rafi’ narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, “Surah As-Sajdah will appear on the Day of Resurrection with two wings and it will provide shade for its reciter. The Surah will further protect him by saying, “No one should trouble him! No one should trouble him!”

Hadrat Ka’ab narrated, “Whoever recites Surah As-Sajdah and Surah Al-Mulk at night, seventy good deeds will be written for him, his seventy sins will be erased and his status will be raised by seventy degrees.”

Aisha narrated, “Whoever recites Surah As-Sajdah, Surah Yaseen, Surah Al-Qamar and Surah Al-Mulk, it will be a Noor (guidance) and refuge from the devil for him and the degrees of his status will be raised till the Day of Resurrection.”
Surah sajdah tafseer.
The verses of surah Sajda:

الٓمٓ ١

Alif-Lam-Mim.

تَنزِيلُ ٱلْكِتَـٰبِ لَا رَيْبَ فِيهِ مِن رَّبِّ ٱلْعَـٰلَمِينَ ٢

The revelation of this Book is—beyond doubt—from the Lord of all worlds.

أَمْ يَقُولُونَ ٱفْتَرَىٰهُ ۚ بَلْ هُوَ ٱلْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكَ لِتُنذِرَ قَوْمًۭا مَّآ أَتَىٰهُم مِّن نَّذِيرٍۢ مِّن قَبْلِكَ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَهْتَدُونَ ٣

Or do they say, “He has fabricated it!”? No! It is the truth from your Lord in order for you to warn a people to whom no warner has come before you, so they may be ˹rightly˺ guided.

ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا فِى سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍۢ ثُمَّ ٱسْتَوَىٰ عَلَى ٱلْعَرْشِ ۖ مَا لَكُم مِّن دُونِهِۦ مِن وَلِىٍّۢ وَلَا شَفِيعٍ ۚ أَفَلَا تَتَذَكَّرُونَ ٤

It is Allah Who has created the heavens and the earth and everything in between in six Days, then established Himself on the Throne. You have no protector or intercessor besides Him. Will you not then be mindful?

يُدَبِّرُ ٱلْأَمْرَ مِنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ إِلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ ثُمَّ يَعْرُجُ إِلَيْهِ فِى يَوْمٍۢ كَانَ مِقْدَارُهُۥٓ أَلْفَ سَنَةٍۢ مِّمَّا تَعُدُّونَ ٥

He conducts every affair from the heavens to the earth, then it all ascends to Him on a Day whose length is a thousand years by your counting.

ذَٰلِكَ عَـٰلِمُ ٱلْغَيْبِ وَٱلشَّهَـٰدَةِ ٱلْعَزِيزُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ ٦

That is the Knower of the seen and unseen—the Almighty, Most Merciful,

 

The Tafseer of surah e sajdah from verse 1 to 6:

﴿تَنزِيلُ الْكِتَـبِ لاَ رَيْبَ فِيهِ﴾

(The revelation of the Book in which there is no doubt,) means, there is no doubt whatsoever that it has been revealed

 

﴿مِّن رَّبِّ الْعَـلَمِينَ﴾

(from the Lord of all that exists.) Then Allah tells us about the idolators:

 

﴿أَمْ يَقُولُونَ افْتَرَاهُ﴾

(Or say they: “He has fabricated it”): they say, he has fabricated it, i.e., he has made it up by himself.

 

﴿بَلْ هُوَ الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكَ لِتُنذِرَ قَوْماً مَّآ أَتَـهُم مِّن نَّذِيرٍ مِّن قَبْلِكَ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَهْتَدُونَ﴾

(Nay, it is the truth from your Lord, so that you may warn a people to whom no warner has come before you, in order that they may be guided.) means, in order that they may follow the truth.

Allah tells us that He is the Creator of all things. He created the heavens and earth and all that is between them in six days, then He rose over the Throne — we have already discussed this matter elsewhere.

 

﴿مَا لَكُمْ مِّن دُونِهِ مِن وَلِيٍّ وَلاَ شَفِيعٍ﴾

(You have none, besides Him, as a protector or an intercessor) means, only He is the Sovereign Who is in control of all affairs, the Creator of all things, the Controller of all things, the One Who is able to do all things. There is no Creator besides Him, no intercessor except the one to whom He gives permission.

 

﴿أَفَلاَ تَتَذَكَّرُونَ﴾

(Will you not then remember) — this is addressed to those who worship others apart from Him and put their trust in others besides Him — exalted and sanctified and glorified be He above having any equal, partner, supporter, rival or peer, there is no God or Lord except Him.

 

﴿يُدَبِّرُ الاٌّمْرَ مِنَ السَّمَآءِ إِلَى الاٌّرْضِ ثُمَّ يَعْرُجُ إِلَيْهِ﴾

(He directs the command from the heavens to the earth; then it will go up to Him,) means, His command comes down from above the heavens to the furthest boundary of the seventh earth. This is like the Ayah,

 

﴿اللَّهُ الَّذِى خَلَقَ سَبْعَ سَمَـوَتٍ وَمِنَ الاٌّرْضِ مِثْلَهُنَّ يَتَنَزَّلُ الاٌّمْرُ بَيْنَهُنَّ﴾

(It is Allah Who has created seven heavens and of the earth the like thereof. The command descends between them, ) (65:12) Deeds are raised up to the place of recording above the lowest heaven. The distance between heaven and earth is the distance of five hundred years traveling, and the thickness of the heaven is the distance of five hundred years. Mujahid, Qatadah and Ad-Dahhak said, “The distance covered by the angel when he descends or ascends is the distance of five hundred years, but he covers it in the blink of an eye.” Allah says:

 

﴿فِى يَوْمٍ كَانَ مِقْدَارُهُ أَلْفَ سَنَةٍ مِّمَّا تَعُدُّونَذَلِكَ عَالِمُ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَـدَةِ﴾

(in one Day, the measurement of which is a thousand years of your reckoning. That is He, the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen,) meaning, He is controlling all these affairs. He sees all that His servants do, and all their deeds, major and minor, significant and insignificant, ascend to Him. He is the Almighty Who has subjugated all things to His control, and to Whom everybody submits, and He is Most Merciful to His believing servants. He is Almighty in His mercy and Most Merciful in His might. This is perfection: might be combined with mercy and mercy combined with might, for He is Merciful without any hint of weakness.

 
surah al sajdah verses from 7 to 14 and its tafsir.
ٱلَّذِىٓ أَحْسَنَ كُلَّ شَىْءٍ خَلَقَهُۥ ۖ وَبَدَأَ خَلْقَ ٱلْإِنسَـٰنِ مِن طِينٍۢ ٧

Who has perfected everything He created. And He originated the creation of humankind from clay.1

ثُمَّ جَعَلَ نَسْلَهُۥ مِن سُلَـٰلَةٍۢ مِّن مَّآءٍۢ مَّهِينٍۢ ٨

Then He made his descendants from an extract of a humble fluid,

ثُمَّ سَوَّىٰهُ وَنَفَخَ فِيهِ مِن رُّوحِهِۦ ۖ وَجَعَلَ لَكُمُ ٱلسَّمْعَ وَٱلْأَبْصَـٰرَ وَٱلْأَفْـِٔدَةَ ۚ قَلِيلًۭا مَّا تَشْكُرُونَ ٩

then He fashioned them and had a spirit of His Own ˹creation˺ breathed into them. And He gave you hearing, sight, and intellect. ˹Yet˺ you hardly give any thanks.

وَقَالُوٓا۟ أَءِذَا ضَلَلْنَا فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ أَءِنَّا لَفِى خَلْقٍۢ جَدِيدٍۭ ۚ بَلْ هُم بِلِقَآءِ رَبِّهِمْ كَـٰفِرُونَ ١٠

˹Still˺ they ask ˹mockingly˺, “When we are disintegrated into the earth, will we really be raised as a new creation?” In fact, they are in denial of the meeting with their Lord.

۞ قُلْ يَتَوَفَّىٰكُم مَّلَكُ ٱلْمَوْتِ ٱلَّذِى وُكِّلَ بِكُمْ ثُمَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكُمْ تُرْجَعُونَ ١١

Say, ˹O Prophet,˺ “Your soul will be taken by the Angel of Death, who is in charge of you. Then to your Lord you will ˹all˺ be returned.”

وَلَوْ تَرَىٰٓ إِذِ ٱلْمُجْرِمُونَ نَاكِسُوا۟ رُءُوسِهِمْ عِندَ رَبِّهِمْ رَبَّنَآ أَبْصَرْنَا وَسَمِعْنَا فَٱرْجِعْنَا نَعْمَلْ صَـٰلِحًا إِنَّا مُوقِنُونَ ١٢

If only you could see the wicked hanging their heads ˹in shame˺ before their Lord, ˹crying:˺ “Our Lord! We have now seen and heard, so send us back and we will do good. We truly have sure faith ˹now˺!”

وَلَوْ شِئْنَا لَـَٔاتَيْنَا كُلَّ نَفْسٍ هُدَىٰهَا وَلَـٰكِنْ حَقَّ ٱلْقَوْلُ مِنِّى لَأَمْلَأَنَّ جَهَنَّمَ مِنَ ٱلْجِنَّةِ وَٱلنَّاسِ أَجْمَعِينَ ١٣

Had We willed, We could have easily imposed guidance on every soul. But My Word will come to pass: I will surely fill up Hell with jinn and humans all together.

فَذُوقُوا۟ بِمَا نَسِيتُمْ لِقَآءَ يَوْمِكُمْ هَـٰذَآ إِنَّا نَسِينَـٰكُمْ ۖ وَذُوقُوا۟ عَذَابَ ٱلْخُلْدِ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ ١٤

So taste ˹the punishment˺ for neglecting the meeting of this Day of yours. We ˹too˺ will certainly neglect you. And taste the torment of eternity for what you used to do!

 

  •       Tafsir of the verses:

Allah tells us that He has created everything well and formed everything in a goodly fashion. Malik said, narrating from Zayd bin Aslam:

 

﴿الَّذِى أَحْسَنَ كُلَّ شَىْءٍ خَلَقَهُ﴾

(Who made everything He has created good) means, “He created everything well and in a goodly fashion.” When Allah mentions the creation of the heavens and the earth, He follows that by mentioning the creation of man. Allah says:

 

﴿وَبَدَأَ خَلْقَ الإِنْسَـنِ مِن طِينٍ﴾

(and He began the creation of man from clay.) meaning, He created the father of mankind, Adam, from clay.

 

﴿ثُمَّ جَعَلَ نَسْلَهُ مِن سُلاَلَةٍ مِّن مَّآءٍ مَّهِينٍ ﴾

(Then He made his offspring from semen of despised water.) means, they reproduce in this fashion, from a Nutfah which comes from the loins of men and from between the ribs of women.

 

﴿ثُمَّ سَوَّاهُ﴾

(Then He fashioned him in due proportion,) means, when He created Adam from clay, He created him and gave him shape and made him upright.

 

﴿وَنَفَخَ فِيهِ مِن رُّوحِهِ وَجَعَلَ لَكُمُ السَّمْعَ وَالاٌّبْصَـرَ وَالاٌّفْئِدَةَ﴾

(and breathed into him the soul; and He gave you hearing, sight and the sense of deduction.) means, reason.

 

﴿قَلِيلاً مَّا تَشْكُرُونَ﴾

(Little is the thanks you give!) means, for these strengths with which Allah has provided you; the one who is truly blessed is the one who uses them to worship and obey his Lord, may He be exalted and glorified.

Allah tells us how the idolators thought it unlikely that the resurrection would ever come to pass, and how they said:

 

﴿أَءِذَا ضَلَلْنَا فِى الاٌّرْضِ﴾

(When we are lost in the earth,) meaning, `when our bodies have been scattered and have disintegrated and dispersed in the earth,’

 

﴿أَءِنَّا لَفِى خَلْقٍ جَدِيدٍ﴾

(shall we indeed be created anew) means, `after that, will we come back again’ They thought it unlikely that this would happen, and in terms of their own feeble abilities it is indeed unlikely, but this is not the case with regard to the power of the One Who created them from nothing, Who when He wills a thing merely says to it, “Be!” and it is. Allah says:

 

﴿بَلْ هُم بِلَقَآءِ رَبِّهِمْ كَـفِرُونَ﴾

(Nay, but they deny the meeting with their Lord!) Then Allah says:

 

﴿قُلْ يَتَوَفَّـكُم مَّلَكُ الْمَوْتِ الَّذِى وُكِّلَ بِكُمْ﴾

(Say: “The angel of death, who is set over you, will take your souls…”) The apparent meaning of this Ayah is that the angel of death is a specific personality among the angels, as is also apparent from the Hadith of Al-Bara’ which we quoted in (our Tafsir of) Surah Ibrahim. In some reports he (the angel of death) is called `Izra’il, which is well known. This is the view of Qatadah and others. The angel of death has helpers. It was reported in the Hadith that his helpers draw out the soul from the rest of the body until it reaches the throat, then the angel of death takes it. Mujahid said, “The earth is brought together for him and it is like a platter from which he takes whenever he wants.”

 

﴿ثُمَّ إِلَى رَبِّكُمْ تُرْجَعُونَ﴾

(Then you shall be brought to your Lord.) means, on the Day when you are resurrected and brought forth from your graves to receive your reward or punishment.

 

Allah tells us the state of the idolators on the Day of Resurrection and what they will say when they see the Resurrection and are standing before Allah — may He be glorified — humiliated and brought low, with their heads bowed, i.e., in shame. They will say:

 

﴿رَبَّنَآ أَبْصَرْنَا وَسَمِعْنَا﴾

(Our Lord! We have now seen and heard,) meaning, `now we hear what You say and we will obey You.’ This is like the Ayah,

 

﴿أَسْمِعْ بِهِمْ وَأَبْصِرْ يَوْمَ يَأْتُونَنَا﴾

(How clearly will they see and hear, the Day when they will appear before Us!) (19:38). And they will blame themselves when they enter the Fire, and will say:

 

﴿لَوْ كُنَّا نَسْمَعُ أَوْ نَعْقِلُ مَا كُنَّا فِى أَصْحَـبِ السَّعِيرِ﴾

(“Had we but listened or used our intelligence, we would not have been among the dwellers of the blazing Fire!”) ﴿67:10﴾ Similarly, here they are described as saying:

 

﴿رَبَّنَآ أَبْصَرْنَا وَسَمِعْنَا فَارْجِعْنَا﴾

(Our Lord! We have now seen and heard, so send us back) to the world,

 

﴿نَعْمَلْ صَـلِحاً إِنَّا مُوقِنُونَ﴾

(that we will do righteous good deeds. Verily, we now believe with certainty.) means, `now we are sure and we believe that Your promise is true and that the meeting with You is true.’ But the Lord, may He be exalted, knows that if He were to send them back to this world, they would behave as they did previously, and they would reject and disbelieve in the signs of Allah and would go against His Messengers, as He says:

 

﴿وَلَوْ تَرَى إِذْ وُقِفُواْ عَلَى النَّارِ فَقَالُواْ يلَيْتَنَا نُرَدُّ وَلاَ نُكَذِّبَ بِـَايَـتِ رَبِّنَا﴾

(If you could but see when they will be held over the (Hell) Fire! They will say: “Would that we were but sent back! Then we would not deny the Ayat of our Lord,”) (6: 27) And Allah says here:

 

﴿وَلَوْ شِئْنَا لاّتَيْنَا كُلَّ نَفْسٍ هُدَاهَا﴾

(And if We had willed, surely We would have given every person his guidance,) This is like the Ayah,

 

﴿وَلَوْ شَآءَ رَبُّكَ لآمَنَ مَن فِى الاٌّرْضِ كُلُّهُمْ جَمِيعًا﴾

(And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed, all of them together) (10:99).

 

﴿وَلَـكِنْ حَقَّ الْقَوْلُ مِنْى لاّمْلأَنَّ جَهَنَّمَ مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ أَجْمَعِينَ﴾

(but the Word from Me took effect, that I will fill Hell with Jinn and mankind together.) i.e., from both classes, so their abode will be Hell and they will have no escape from it and no way out. We seek refuge with Allah and in His perfect Words from that.

 

﴿فَذُوقُواْ بِمَا نَسِيتُمْ لِقَآءَ يَوْمِكُمْ هَـذَآ﴾

(Then taste because of your forgetting the meeting of this Day of yours.) means, it will be said to the people of Hell by way of rebuke: `taste this punishment because you denied it and believed that it would never happen; you tried to forget about it and acted as if you had forgotten it.’

 

﴿إِنَّا نَسِينَـكُمْ﴾

(Surely, We too will forget you,) means, `We will deal with you as if We have forgotten you,’ but nothing escapes Allah’s attention, and He makes the punishment fit the crime, as He says:

 

﴿الْيَوْمَ نَنسَاكُمْ كَمَا نَسِيتُمْ لِقَآءَ يَوْمِكُمْ هَـذَا﴾

(This Day We will forget you as you forgot the meeting of this Day of yours) (45:34).

 

﴿وَذُوقُـواْ عَذَابَ الْخُلْدِ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ﴾

(so taste you the abiding torment for what you used to do.) i.e., because of your disbelief and rejection, as Allah says in another Ayah:

 

﴿لاَّ يَذُوقُونَ فِيهَا بَرْداً وَلاَ شَرَاباً – إِلاَّ حَمِيماً وَغَسَّاقاً ﴾

(Nothing cool shall they taste therein, nor any drink. Except Hamim, and Ghassaq) until:

 

﴿فَلَن نَّزِيدَكُمْ إِلاَّ عَذَاباً﴾

(No increase shall We give you, except in torment) (78:24-30).

 

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Surah sajdah summary
Here is the summary of the topics discussed in surah Sajdah:

  •       People will be resurrected on the day of judgment and will be judged for everything they did in their lives.
  •       The fate of the believers and disbelievers.
  •       When the day of judgment comes, the disbelievers will believe in Allah but this will not change anything, as Allah warned them in the holy Quran.
  •       The believers will be rewarded by the heavens for all the good things they did for Allah.
  •       There is a special reward for those who forsake their beds and invoke their Rabb with fear and hope.
  •       The holy Quran is similar to the book which was given to the prophet Musa.

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