Learning how to correctly pronounce the Quran is one of the most important aspects of learning Quran Kareem as a whole. Some non-Arabic speakers and children, however, may struggle at first while learning the correct pronunciation of the Quran using Tajweed rules. Tajweed rule ‘Ikhfa’ is one of them.
What Do We Mean By Tajweed Rules?
Tajweed Rules’ objective is to teach the Quran accurately while keeping to
Arabic grammar norms. When every letter of the Quran has pronounced accurately, without excess or deficiency,
the Quran is considered to be recited with Tajweed.
There is one popular rule in Tajweed that makes your Quran pronunciation more
accurate, which is Ikhfa. Another term is Idghaam Tajweed, but we’ll get into this later.
History of Tajweed
The science of Tajweed was initially introduced by Imam Abu Ubaid al-Qasim bin Salam (774 – 838 CE). In the third century of Hijrah,
he established a recorded science for tajweed, laying the tajweed basis and naming its laws, and he compiled all of this in his book titled ‘al-Qiraat.’
It grew in popularity over the third century of Hijrah as the Islamic State
developed, resulting in a large number of non-Arabs adopting Islam. Tajweed was created to teach people how to recite the Quran like Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him).
What is Ikhfa in the Quran?
In Arabic, the literal definition of ikhfa is to conceal something. It’s one of
the Tajweed rules to keep in mind when reciting the Quran.
When a noon sakinah or tanween is followed by an ikhfa letter, the noon sound is not made.
Instead, as the tongue reaches the makhraj of the next letter (the point of articulation), hold it for a minute and pronounce ghunna, making a humming type sound heard when reciting.
In essence, you are ‘hiding’ the noon or tanween. This takes practice, and many of us end up saying ghunna with the tip of our tongue on our front teeth as if we were saying noon.
You can make this easier by taking a Quran Tajweed course at Noor Academy with a professional Tajweed tutor.
Letters of Ikhfa
The rule specifies six letters that come after the noon al-saakinah. In that
situation, it must be said explicitly. These letters are:
ي ر م ل و ن ب
ت، ث، ج، د، ذ، ز، س، ش، ص، ض، ط، ظ، ف، ق، ك
For example, if the letter following is a taa with dhamma ‘تُ’, the mouth prepares to pronounce it by taking a little “o” shape, and the tongue positions itself within the mouth.
This might happen over two words or inside one.
فريقًا تقتلون –
قنوانٌ دانية –
How To Do Ikhfa
Ikhfaa must be heard on two counts, for the time it takes to utter the words
‘one two.’ This needs practice and intensive Quran recitation listening.
Minn-qabl من قبل
Watch this video on how to correctly do Ikhfa and listen carefully to what’s
been pronounced and how:
Here are some ayah from the Quran that apply to Ikhfa. Try to pronounce the red words by applying the aforementioned rules on the letters between brackets.
أُنثَىٰ وَمَا تَغِيضُ
وَيَأْتِ بِخَلْقٍ جَدِيدٍ (ج)
دَانِيَةٌ وَجَنَّٰتٍ (د)
كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَآئِقَةُ
فمَن زُحْزِحَ عَنِ
فَقَدْ فَازَ (ز)
ضَعْفًا وَشَيْبَةً (ض)
أَصَابَكَ مِنْ حَسَنَةٍ
فَمِنَ ٱللَّهِ (ف)
What are the benefits of learning Tajweed for kids?
The same is valid for our kids. It is our responsibility to introduce kids to Tajweed Quran reciting at an early age in order to educate them on how to recite properly.
The younger they are, the quicker they will be able to comprehend and implement
Tajweed rules in their recitation. Children learn at a faster rate than adults.
This is something we should bear in mind while deciding whether or not to learn Quran with tajweed online.
As soon as the child learns how to read the Quran, he or she should begin taking
Tajweed courses for children to learn how to perfect Quran recitation, and perfect recitation leads to perfect understanding.
who are experts in Tajweed without having to commit to a timetable or leave the house to be physically present with teachers?
You also get lots of good deeds (hasanah) when you encourage your kids to learn
Tajweed and implement it in their recitation. Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) once said:
“Whoever guides to something good is like the one who does it.”
Benefits of reading Quran with Tajweed
We were ordered by Allah SWT to recite the Quran correctly in a measured way. He SWT said in His Holy Book:
“and recite all Quran al Kareem properly in a measured way.”
Aside from complying with that order, what else do we get from reading the Quran with Tajweed?
- aware of how the al Quran al Kareem should be recited.
- acquire a better grasp of the meanings of the verses.
- You receive an infinite number of good deeds when you recite the
- The better you recite, the higher your rank on Resurrection
- avoid being confused when reading Quranic Arabic words.
- get to see the true beauty of the Quranic text.
- You avoid making mistakes while reciting.
How Is It Like At Noor Academy When It Comes To Tajweed To Children?
Noor Academy takes a unique approach to teaching Tajweed for kids online,
The schedules and programs are flexible, and the price represents excellent value for money.
Noor and Nora ( House of Quran ) will be their friends during this amazing journey.
Is It Okay If I Read The Quran Without Tajweed?
Muslims are not required to all Quran al Kareem reading in accordance with all Tajweed
requirements. It is, nevertheless, necessary to read all Quran al Kareem with basic Tajweed in order to read it exactly as Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to read it.
So, as long as you correctly understand words and letters, you commit no sins.