So, if you don’t know what is tarawih prayer or how to perform it keep reading.
What is tarawih prayer?
Tarawih (Arabic: صلاة التراويح ) is the special prayer that we pray every day after praying salat al Aisha. The word tarawih itself means “to rest and relax” in the Arabic language. The reason why it’s named tarawih is that after every two or four rakat we take a rest.
Tarawih prayer is a sunnah prayer which means that you are not obligated to pray it. The Prophet (peace be upon him) narrated that, “he who observes optional prayer (Tarawih prayers) throughout Ramadan, out of the sincerity of Faith and in the hope of earning reward will have his past sins pardoned.”
How to perform tarawih?
1- Make your intention to pray Tarawih
The first step is to make your intention and you don’t have to say it out loud, say the following:
أُصَلِّي سُنَّةَ التَراوِيحِ رَكعَتَينِ لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى
Usolli sunnata-taraawiihi rak’ataini lillah ta’ala
I intend to pray the Sunnah prayer of Terawih two raka’at for Allah ta’ala
While if you are praying in a congregation then the intention of the imam will be as follows:
أُصَلِّي سُنَّةَ التَراوِيحِ رَكعَتَينِ إِمَامًا لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى
Usolli sunnata-taraawiihi rak’ataini imaamam lillah ta’ala
I intend to pray the Sunnah prayer of Terawih as the Imam two raka’at for Allah ta’ala
And your intention will be:
أُصَلِّي سُنَّةَ التَراوِيحِ رَكعَتَينِ مَأمُومًا لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى
Usolli sunnata-taraawiihi rak’ataini makmumam lillah ta’ala
I intend to pray the Sunnah prayer of Terawih as the Makmum two raka’at for Allah ta’ala
2- Say the Takbir
Just raise your hands so that your thumbs are on the same level as your earlobes and say ‘Allahu Akbar’.
3- Place your right hand over your left hand and recite the opening Dua
If you are able to pray tarawih while standing you should stand. After saying the takbir put your hands gently over your chest. The right hand should be over your left hand. Then recite the opening dua (Iftitah dua), the opening Dua is only said in the first rakah.
اللهُ أَكْبَرُ كَبِيرًا وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ كَثِيْرًا وَسُبْحَانَ اللهِ بُكْرَةً وَأَصِيْلًا .وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِيْ فَطَرَالسَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ حَنِيْفًا مُسْلِمًا وَمَا أَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِيْنَ . إِنَّ صَلَاتِيْ وَنُسُكِيْ وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِيْ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْنَ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ
Allāhu Akbar Kabirā, Walhamdulillāhi Kathīrā, Wa Subhānallāhi Bukratan Wa aṣīlā, Wajjahtu Wajhiya lillazi Fatras-Samāwāti wal-Ardh, Hanīfan Musliman Wa-mā ana minal-musyrikīn, Inna ṣalātī, wa-nusukī wa-mahyaya, wamamātī Lillāhi Rabbil-‘ālamīn, Lā syarīka laHu wa bizālika umirtu wa ana minal muslimīn.
Allah the Almighty, the Greatest, All praises are upon Him, Allah The Most Exalted, day and night, I stand before The One Who created the skies and the lands, I sincerely submit to Allah and I am certainly not among those who associate Allah with other beings, Indeed my Salat, my good deeds, my life, and my death are all for Allah The Lord of all the worlds, He has no partner nor parallel whatsoever, and I have been ordered as such, and I am from those who embrace Islam (submits).
4- Recite Surah Al-Fatihah and another Surah from the Quran while praying tarawih
After you finish saying the opening dua of salat al tarawih, say the Ta’awwudz:
أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ
A’uzu biLlāhi minash-shaytānir-rajim
I seek refuge with Allah from the accursed Shaytan
Then recite surah Al-Fatihah slowly:
بِسمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ. الحَمدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ العالَمينَ
الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ. مالِكِ يَومِ الدّينِ
إِيّاكَ نَعبُدُ وَإِيّاكَ نَستَعينُ
اهدِنَا الصِّراطَ المُستَقيمَ
صِراطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِم غَيرِ المَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِم وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ
iyyāKa naʿbudu wa-iyyāKa nastaʿīn.
ṣirāṭallazīna anʿamta ʿalayhim ghayril-maghḍūbi ʿalayhim wa-lāḍḍāllīn.
In the name of God The Most Compassionate and Merciful.
Praise be to Allah, Lord of all the worlds.
The Compassionate, The Merciful. Ruler on the Day of Reckoning.
You alone do we worship, and You alone do we ask for help.
Guide us along the straight path,
the path of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace,
not those You are displeased with, or those who are astray.
Then say any other surah you know by heart or read it from the Quran.
5- Bend for Ruku
Say Allah akbar then bend for ruku and say the following three times:
سُبحَانَ رَبِّيَ العَظِيمِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ
Subhanna Rabbiyal-’azim wa bihamdiHi
Glory be to Allah, the Mighty, and praise be to He
6- Stand up again in the first rakah of tarawih
After you finish the ruku stand up again and raise your hands just like you did when saying the takbir and recite the following:
سَمِعَ اللهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ
Sami’ Allahu liman hamida
Allah has heard the one who praised Him
Then lower your hands and put them beside you and say:
رَبَّنَا وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ
O Our Lord, to You are all the praises
7- Perform the sujud
Go into prostration while saying the Takbir but this time you won’t raise your hands. Your knees, palms, forehead and nose should all touch the ground. Now say the following three times:
سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى وَبِحَمْدِهِ
Subhānna Rabbiyal-a’lā wa bihamdih
Glory be to my Lord The Highest, and praise be to He
Now sit on your knees and say the takbir, again you won’t raise your hands, then say the following:
رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِيْ وَارْحَمْنِيْ وَاجْبُرْنِيْ وَارْفَعْنِيْ وَارْزُقْنِيْ وَاهْدِنِيْ وَعَافِنِيْ وَاعْفُ عَنِّيْ
Rabbighfirlī warhamnī wajburnī warfa’nī warzuqnī wahdinī wa‘afinī wa’fu ‘annī
O Lord, forgive me, have mercy on me, cover for me my shortcomings, elevate my rank, provide for me, guide me, grant me well-being, and pardon me
When you finish saying the dua perform the second Sujud, repeat what you said in the first sujud.
8- Return to the standing position
Now in the second rakah of salat al tarawih, after you finish the second sujud stand up and say the takbir then repeat the same steps again as in the first rakah.
9- Recite the Tashahhud
After you sit from the second sujud recite the following:
التَّحِيَّاتُ لِلَّهِ وَالصَّلَوَاتُ وَالطَّيِّبَاتُ السَّلَامُ عَلَى النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِين. أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ
اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ. اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيد
“All the compliments are for Allah and all the prayers and all the good things (are for Allah). Peace is on you, O Prophet, and Allah’s mercy and blessings (are on you). And peace is on us and on the good (pious) worshipers of Allah. I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is His slave and Apostle.
O, Allah! Praise Muhammad, and on the family of Muhammad, as You Praised Ibraaheem and the family of Ibraaheem; you are indeed Worthy of Praise, Full of Glory. And send blessings on Muhammad, and on the family of Muhammad, as you sent blessings on Ibraaheem, and the family of Ibraaheem; you are indeed Worthy of Praise, Full of Glory.”
10- Say the Salam
Turn your head to the right and say:
السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُم وَرَحْمَةُ الله
Assalamu alaykum wa-rahmatullah
Peace and Allah’s mercy be upon you
Then turn your head to the left and say the same. Now you have finished the first two rakat, all you will do is repeat the same steps every two rakat until you finish salat al tarawih.
How many rakat is salat tarawih?
Sahih Al Bukhari narrated a hadith saying that the tarawih rakaat is eight rakat. salat al tarawih is prayed in a set of two rakaats. If you can’t pray all the eight rakat it’s okay, pray as much as you can even if it is only two rakat.
What time is tarawih?
You can pray tarawih prayers at any time between Isha and Fajr, but most people prefer to pray it right after Isha’s prayer. Taraweeh for kids is not hard as long as you teach them how to pray and give them rewards.
How do you pray Taraweeh for kids?
First, you should teach your kids about Taraweeh, tell them how to pray it, and then make them pray with you. To encourage them give them presents.
- Teach them the basics of prayer: Before starting Taraweeh, make sure your child understands the basics of the daily prayers. Teach them the positions, movements, and recitations involved in regular prayer.
- Explain the significance of Taraweeh: Before starting the prayer, explain to your kids the importance of Taraweeh and why Muslims perform it during Ramadan.
- Set realistic goals: Taraweeh can be a long prayer, especially for young children. Start by setting a realistic goal, such as praying four or eight Rak’ahs, and gradually work your way up to praying more.
- Start with a few Rakat: Younger children may not be able to handle the full 20 Rakat of Taraweeh, so start with a few Rakat and gradually increase the number as they become more comfortable.
- Make it fun and engaging: Kids are more likely to be interested in Taraweeh if it’s presented in a fun and engaging way. Try to make the prayer experience interactive by involving your child in the recitation, or by using visual aids to help them follow along.
- Keep it simple: Use simple language and actions during the prayer so that kids can easily follow along. You can also use visual aids like pictures or videos to help them understand the steps of the prayer.
- Make it fun: Encourage kids to participate by making the prayer fun and engaging. For example, you can make a game out of who can remember the most Rakat or have them take turns leading the prayer.
- Be patient: Remember that kids may get distracted or lose interest during the prayer. Be patient and try to make it a positive experience for them, even if they don’t complete the full 20 Rakat.
Is tarawih sunnah?
There is no hadith about taraweeh dua, but here is a dua that Islamic Scholars recommend:
سُبْحَانَ ذِی الْمُلْکِ وَالْمَلَکُوْتِ ط سُبْحَانَ ذِی الْعِزَّةِ وَالْعَظَمَةِ وَالْهَيْبَةِ وَالْقُدْرَةِ وَالْکِبْرِيَآئِ وَالْجَبَرُوْتِ ط سُبْحَانَ الْمَلِکِ الْحَيِ الَّذِی لَا يَنَامُ وَلَا يَمُوْتُ سُبُّوحٌ قُدُّوْسٌ رَبُّنَا وَرَبُّ الْمَلَائِکَةِ وَالرُّوْحِ ط اَللّٰهُمَّ اَجِرْنَا مِنَ النَّارِ يَا مُجِيْرُ يَا مُجِيْرُ يَا مُجِيْر۔
“Exalted is the Possessor of the hidden and the manifest dominion. Exalted is the Possessor of Might, Greatness, Reverence, Power, Pride, and Majesty. Exalted is the Master, the Living, the one who neither sleeps nor dies. All-perfect, All-holy, Our Lord, and the Lord of the angels and the souls. O Allah, grant us refuge from the Hellfire. O Granter of refuge, O Granter of refuge, O Granter of refuge.”
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